During June–August 2010, the largest outbreak since the 1997-1998 infestations was discovered and eradicated in Palm Beach County in the Boca Raton area (FDACS 2010a, 2010c); California in 1975, and periodically since 1980. Scientific Name: Common Name: 1: Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) Guava fruit fly: 2: B. cucurbitae (Coquillett) Melon fly: 3: B. dorsalis (Hendel) Oriental fruit fly: 4: B. tsuneonis (Miyake) Japanese orange fly: 5: B.zonata (Saunders) Peach fruit fly : 3. Females usually die soon after they cease to oviposit. Nectarines can come under attack . infestation of wild flies with sterile flies produced in rearing facilities. The micropylar region is distinctly tubercular. Tephritis capitata Wiedemann United States Department of Agriculture Bulletin 640: 1-43. EENY-201. Larva: Larva are white with a typical fruit fly larval shape, i.e., cylindrical maggot-shape, elongate, anterior end narrowed and somewhat recurved ventrally, with anterior mouth hooks, and flattened caudal end. Fruit Fly, common name for two families of true (two-winged) flies, the larvae of which feed on fresh or decaying vegetable matter. Adult: The adult fly is 3.5 to 5 mm in length. Both sexes are sexually active throughout the day. For the 2010 infestation, the following treatments are being used by FDACS-DPI and the USDA (FDACS 2010b): Foliar Spot Treatments: Spraying trees with Spinosad (product FG-120 NF Naturalyte Fruit Fly Bait) which is an insecticide derived from a naturally occurring soil organism. Oceania. 2012. The color is yellowish with brown tinge, especially on abdomen, legs, and some markings on wings. When host fruit is continuously available and weather conditions favorable for many months, successive generations will be large and continuous. Pupae of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Photograph by Jeffery Lotz, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services-Division of Plant Industry; www.forestryimage.org. There is a heavily sclerotized dorsal bridge point at the anterior of the dorsal wing plate. in length. The fruit contains 12 segments and about 30 seeds. The Mediterranean fruit fly. Oxon, UK. 1979. Caudal end of larva of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). The features of the larvae of C. capitata, as noted in the description, are variable to some degree as indicated. Figure 15. Photograph by Jeffery Lotz, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services-Division of Plant Industry; www.forestryimages.org. from all other species of Tephritidae occurring in Australia. 2012. The Drosophila melanogaster, also known as the âcommon fruit flyâ or âvinegar flyâ is a species of fly in the Drosophilidae family. Paradalaspis asparagi Bezzi Pictorial key to fruit fly larvae of the family Tephritidae. The last instar is usually 7 to 9 mm in length, with eight ventral fusiform areas. 1915. Adult females deposit groups of eggs on to the fruit surface as they begin to develop color. The scutellum is inflated and shiny black. When the eggs hatch, the larvae promptly begin eating. Cooperative Economic Insect Report 25: 825-839. Figure 20. After harvest: Collect all discarded fruit and destroy them using the methods listed above. Larvae pass through three instars. Fruit Stripping: Fruit will be stripped from all host trees on a known larval properties and within 200 meters (656 feet). During warm weather eggs hatch in 1.5 to three days. 1998, Papadopoulos 2008). USDA-ARS scientists in Hawaii and Texas collaborated in investigating phloxine B, better known as the FDA-approved red dye number 28. Humeral bristles are present. The thorax is creamy white to yellow with a characteristic pattern of black blotches. USDA-APHIS, in cooperation with threatened states, has established action plans that go into effect when fruit flies are trapped and reported (USDA 2008). Currently listed as eradicated from these states. The adult peach fruit fly (PFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 to 6 m millimeters (mm) in length. Fruit Family List A-Z . Stephenson DP. Life history of the Mediterranean fruit fly from the standpoint of parasite introduction. It causes the fruit to turn yellow and drop early. Bananas are harvested green and papaya at colour break. 189 pp. Figure 2. Scientific Name. Host Plants of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Diptera Tephritidae): An Annotated World Review. Figure 14. Photograph by Anne-Sophie Roy, European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization; www.forestryimages.org. Ripe fruit is likely to be more juicy, and such fruits often are associated with a high mortality of eggs and young larvae. Graphic by Division of Plant Industry. Larvae burrow into the pulp of developing fruit and leave through a large exit hole. Entomological Society of America. 1949. Thermal responses in the citrus fruit fly, Dacus tsuneonis: evidence for a pupal diapause. 2001). Conley KL. Background Mated females deposit eggs within the flesh of the fruit on a host plant. The pharyngeal plate is elongate, with prominent median hood and anterior sclerotized area. The species originated in sub-Saharan Africa and is not known to be established in the continental United States. Because of its wide distribution over the world, its ability to tolerate cooler climates better than most other species of tropical fruit flies, and its wide range of hosts, it is ranked first among economically important fruit fly species. The Mediterranean fruit fly and its economic impact on Central American countries and Panama. Caribbean fruit flies found in citrus are native to the islands of the same name but have migrated over time to afflict groves worldwide. Larvae of fruit flies. Figure 3. The medfly has no near relatives in the Western Hemisphere. The cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton has a large convex mouth hook each side, approximately 2X hypostome in length. Mediterranean fruit fly not present in New Zealand. Wings, usually held in a drooping position on live flies, are broad and hyaline with black, brown, and brownish yellow markings. Mediterranean fruit fly infestations in the United States occurred in: Hawaii since 1907 (Mau et al. Fully grown larvae, when the surrounding air temperature is warm, flex and "jump" repeatedly as much as 25 mm when removed from fruit. ADDucationâs fruit family list includes some fruits which are commonly believed to be vegetables (avocados, gourds and nightshades) and Rhubarb which is commonly believed to be a fruit but is a vegetable. United States: Arizona, California, Florida, and Texas. Its larvae feed and develop on many deciduous, subtropical, and tropical fruits and some vegetables. The Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly), Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) is considered one of the most important pests for citrus fruits. The abdomen is oval with fine black bristles scattered on dorsal surface and two narrow transverse light bands on basal half. Zhang YA, 1989. The female's extended ovipositor is 1.2 mm long. Back EA, Pemberton CE. In Florida, Inspectors from the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services-Division of Plant Industry continually monitor the traps for the appearance of pest fruit flies. 2008. 13 pp. Larval identification is based primarily on characters of mature 3rd instar larvae. The biology and identification of trypetid larvae (Diptera: Trypetidae). Figure 22. There are usually nine to 10 tubules, although there may be seven to 11. They can fly short distances, but winds may carry them a mile or more away. There are 18 pairs of short waxy filaments around the margin of the body. Oviposition may take place as early as four to five days after emergence during very warm weather, but not for about 10 days when temperatures range between 68 to 72°F (20 to 22.2°C) (Back and Pemberton 1915). Fruit Flies Scientific Name: Drosophilidae. Sanidad. Larvae leave the fruit in largest numbers at or just after daybreak and pupate in the soil or whatever is available. Dorsal view of adult male Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Dorsocentral bristles are anterior of the halfway point between supraalar and acrostichal bristles. Ceratitis citriperda MacLeay Pupa: The pupa is cylindrical, 4 to 4.3 mm long, dark reddish brown, and resembles a swollen grain of wheat. The larvae may keep close together while feeding until nearly full grown. Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA. (http://www.azda.gov/PSD/MexicanFruitFly.htm). Gradually, the wild flies can only find sterile flies to mate, the wild population is eradicated. The improved version of the McPhail trap uses a combination of three chemicals to attract male and female fruit flies. Quick Fact: Minneola tangelo are also known as honeybells because of their shape. Steck and B.D. 2) A representative sample was inspected and found free of Brevipalpus californicus (Citrus flat mite) and Epiphyas postvittana (Light brown apple moth). San Salvador: Organ. Figure 12. Weems, Jr., H.V., J.B. Heppner, and G.J. Figure 24. Distribution. When it has been detected in Florida, California, and Texas, especially in recent years, each infestation necessitated intensive and massive eradication and detection procedures so that the pest did not become established. Spraying will take place in the core area of a positive find and extend out 1-1/2 miles. Most of the damage to fruit is done by just 2 species - the exotic Mediterranean Fruit Fly on the western side of the continent and the native Queensland Fruit Fly in the east. Larvae examined came from verified samples from Florida, Hawaii, and Portugal (all are in the larval collection of the Museum of Entomology, Florida State Collection of Arthropods). The duration of the egg stage is considerably increased by lower temperatures. Eggs of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). 36 pp. The caudal end has bifurcate or paired dorsal papillules (D1 and D2) on small mount of relatively flat plate; intermediate papillules (I1-2) as a line of fused elevations on a very enlarged subspiracular tubercle, plus a remote I3 at approximately 45 degrees from I1-2; L1 on the median edge of the caudal end; V1 not prominent; posterior spiracles elongate (4.5 to 5X width), with dorsal and ventral spiracles angled away from relatively planar median spiracle; interspiracular processes (hairs) usually not branched; anal lobe bifid or entire. Larval identification is extremely difficult, so that when feasible it is best to rear them to adults for identification. Some adults may survive up to six months or more under favorable conditions of food (fruit, honeydew, or plant sap), water, and cool temperatures. When the daily mean temperature averages from 76 to 78°F (24.4 to 25.6°C), most females are ready to mate from six to eight days after eclosion. Lack of fruit for three to four months reduces the population to a minimum. The two medfly eradication programs in Florida. Eyes are reddish purple (fluoresce green, turning blackish within 24 hours after death). Although it may be a major pest of citrus, often it is a more serious pest of some deciduous fruits, such as peach, pear, and apple. Figure 17. Biology of fruit flies. When it has been detected in Florida, California, and Texas, especially in recent years, each infestation necessitated intensive and massive eradication and detection procedures so that the pest did not become established. The top of the thorax is black with yellow patches, the abdomen is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark, and the face has two black spots which âbleedâ toward each â¦ Being a citrus fruit, this hybrid fruit is rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, etc. Plus treatment strategies change in an environment of public concern about aerial application of insecticidal baits. Yellow to brown body and wing coloration. Journal of Economic Entomology 64: 708-713. The Mediterranean fruit fly in Hawaii. CAB International. Field guide to medfly infestation. Internac. Lateral view of adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), regurgitating food. 184.108.40.206.1 . Strong preference for grapefruit, Citrus paradisi. Peach infested with larvae of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Journal of Agricultural Research 38: 489-504. The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata(Wiedemann), is one of the world's most destructive fruit pests. The older version of the trap used a protein bait that captured large numbers of non-target insects. Newly emerged adults are not sexually mature. When the sterile flies mate with the fertile population, no offspring are produced. In Florida, the FDACS-Division of Plant Industry will cooperate with USDA-APHIS in regulating the actions of both commercial entities and homeowners. Cooke/Oxford Scientific Films. (http://www.caripestnetwork.org/vtt/docs/datasheets/diptera/anastrepha_ludens.pdf). A female Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), pumps eggs through her ovipositor into the soft outer layers of a ripe coffee berry. 601 pp. There are six fruit flies in Tonga. Head is to the right. Photograph by USDA. Medflies often share regurgitated food. Photograph by Peggy Greb, USDA; www.forestryimages.org. Some hosts have been recorded as medfly hosts only under laboratory conditions and may not be attacked in the field. 1981 (publication date not given). (CARI) Caribbean Pest Information Network. 2012. Application of the sterile-insect-release technique in Mediterranean fruit fly suppression. Scientific Name. Some countries maintain quarantines against the medfly, which could jeopardize some fresh fruit markets if it should become established in Florida. Useful in citrus, native almond and mango. Miscellaneous Publications, No. Ayers EL. 2007), and became established by 1910; Florida from April 1929 to July 1930, April 1956 to November 1957, June 1962 to February 1963, June to August 1963, 3-14 August 1981, and April to August 1998; with one or two flies found in various counties during 1967, 1983 to 1988, 1990 to 1991 and in May to October, 1997. Mediterranean fruit fly. The male has a pair of bristles with enlarged spatulate tips next to the inner margins of the eyes. Region. Fruit in a hard or semiripe condition is better for oviposition than fully ripened fruit. Studies in Hawaiian fruit flies. Because of its wide distribution over the world, its ability to tolerate coâ¦ Eggs are deposited under the skin of fruit which is just beginning to ripen, often in an area where some break in the skin already has occurred. The males are easily separated from all other members of this family by the black pointed expansion at the apex of the anterior pair of orbital setae. If you have any questions, please call the toll-free Mediterranean fruit fly helpline at 1-888-397-1517. The species is known generally as the common fruit fly or vinegar fly. Figure 10. Reinfestations in the same areas leads some experts to believe the California infestion was never eradicated but was instead reduced to subdetectable levels that periodically resurface (Dawson et al. Some areas have had almost 100% infestation in stone fruits. In Australia, there are no species of . UC/AID Pest Management and Related Environmental Protection Project at the University of California, Berkeley. 1957. Back and Pemberton (1915) noted that this period may be increased to at least 19 days when the daily temperature means drop to about 69 to 71°F (20.6 to 21.7°C). Phillips VT. 1946. Photograph by USDA. Lateral view of adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Fruit fly is one of the most serious pests of citrus. Mitchell WC, Andrew CO, Hagen KS, Hamilton RA, Harris EJ, Maehler KL, Rhode RH. Older version of trap used to capture adults of the Adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). The adults are slightly smaller than a house fly and have picture wings typical of fruit flies. Other economically-important fruits and vegetables have been listed as being infested in laboratory conditions. Wings are usually held in a drooping position on live flies, are broad and hyaline with black, brown, and brownish yellow markings. Thus larvae require 14 to 26 days to reach maturity in a ripe lemon, as compared with 10 to 15 days in a green peach. Graphic by Division of Plant Industry. Pomelo. The apex of the wing's anal cell is elongate. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor â¦ Figure 8. Development in egg, larval, and pupal stages stops at 50°F (10°C). Figure 4. In citrus fruits, especially limes and lemons, it appears to be longer. Consequently, the following characters can be used to distinguish . White or taking on the color of the food it ingests. These are shorter at the head end, and lengthen progressively towards the rear end. The number of eggs found at any time in the reproductive organs is no indication of the total number of eggs an individual female is capable of depositing, as new eggs are being formed continually throughout her adult life. USDA. Hardy DE. 1918. Thin-skinned, ripe succulent fruits are preferred. QUARANTINE AREA NOTICE - Bactrocera (Bactrocera) tryoni (Queensland Fruit Fly or Qfly) CLAREMONT, NEDLANDS and DALKEITH SCHEDULE 1 Queensland Fruit Fly Hosts Common Name Scientific Name Abiu Pouteria caimito Acerola Malpighia glabra Rangpur Achachairu Garcinia humilis Apple Malus domestica Lime Apricot Prunus armeniaca I. Liquido NJ, Shinoda LA, Cunningham RT. The length of time required for the medfly to complete its life cycle under typical Florida summer weather conditions, and on which eradication schedules in Florida are based, is 21 to 30 days. 1976. Ceratitis capitata. Adults may live 11 - 16 months and lay over 1500 eggs. that look similar to . Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA. 1971. Fruit is placed in heavy plastic bags and removed to a local landfill to be buried. The primarily eat ripened fruit, vegetables, fermenting food products. United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative Plant Pest Report 1: 117-118. Joint cooperative Mediterranean fruit fly eradication project. Materials and Methodology. The anterior spiracles are usually nearly straight on dorsal edge of tubule row (often more straight than illustrated). But when given the choice, these annoying pests actually prefer citrus like oranges, limes, and lemons. 1960. The supposed supernumerary lateral papillules of the caudal end, noted by Phillips (1946), are not usually evident in specimens or at most represent only slight plate elevations on the very lateral edge dorsal to L1. In addition to reduction of crop yield, infested areas have the additional expense of control measures and costly sorting processes for both fresh and processed fruit and vegetables. Although several species of cucurbits have been recorded as hosts of the medfly, they are considered to be very poor hosts. Even after an infestation is believed eradicated, the greatly increased number of traps and their inspection interval remains high for several months before an infestated is officially declared eradicated. Figure 18. Harvest early before the fruit is susceptible to fruit fly attack. The lower corners of the face have white setae. In this age of jet transportation, the medfly can be transported from one part of the world to some distant place in a matter of hours, which greatly complicates efforts to contain it within its present distribution. Photograph by Ken Walker, Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia; www.forestryimages.org. Adults die within four days if they cannot obtain food. Once it is established, eradication efforts may be extremely difficult and expensive. Sapote Fruit Fly, Anastrepha serpentina, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for A. serpentina. Females will not oviposit when temperatures drop below 60.8°F (16°C) except when exposed to sunlight for several hours. The figure of the cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton in Greene (1929) appears not to be very accurate. Figure 16. Pupae carry the species through unfavorable conditions, such as lack of food, water, and temperature extremes. Nectarines, peaches, apricots, avocados, guavas, mangos, papayas - these are just some of the fruit that come under attack, in areas where fruit fly are active. Getty. United States Deptartment of Agriculture, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Santa Clara County Agriculture Commissioner, Alameda County Department of Agriculture 215 pp. Copulation may occur at any time throughout the day. The fly is as big as housefly. Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly) eradicated in the United States. The kind and condition of the fruit often influence the length of the larval stage. De Woskin R. 1981. - 1, branch with leaves; 2, branchlet with fruit. Ceratitis. Adults emerge in largest numbers early in the morning during warm weather and emerge more sporadically during cool weather. Ocellar bristles are present. In the pupal stage, the males can be irradiated to render them sexually sterile (USDA 2000). The hypostomium has prominent, rounded subhypostomium; post-hypostomial plates curved dorsally to the dorsal bridge, fused with sclerotized rays of central area of dorsal wing plate. Figure 21. Usually about 50% of the flies die during the first two months after emergence. Anastrepha ludens. Hosts. Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA. Scientific name: Planococcus citri . Egg: The egg is very slender, curved, 1 mm long, smooth and shiny white. It is yellow in colour with dark brown to black markings on the segment where the wings are attached. It is recorded from Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, and Victoria), French Polynesia, New Caledonia, and Pitcairn. The buccal carinae number nine to 10. Journal of Agricultural Research 3: 363-374. Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Adults are collected primarily by use of sticky-board traps and baited traps (USDA 1997). Characters of the larvae and pupae of certain fruit flies. The parastomium is prominent. Larval cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Common Name. Queensland fruit fly; abbreviation QFF. Agropee. The species of economic importance are: (i) Bactrocera facialis (except the Niuas); (ii) Pacific fruit fly (Bactrocera xanthodes), (iii) Bactrocera kirki; (iv) Bactrocera species near passiflorae (Niuas only); and (v) Bactrocera distincta. (17 July 2001). The pharyngeal skeleton is distinctive in overall configuration, particularly the enlarged subhypostomium of the hypostomium (posterior to each mouth hook). Christenson LD, Foote RH. Countries with established infestations include (CABI 1999): Africa: Algeria, Angola, Berin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic, Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Keyna, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malwai, Mali, Maritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Reunion, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, St. Helena, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Asia: Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, Yemen, Central American and Caribbean: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Europe: Albania, Azores, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Corsica, Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Maderia Islands, Portugal, southern Russia, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovenia, Spain, Yugoslavia, South American: Argentina, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela. Figure 25. Cooperative Mediterranean Fruit Fly Project (California). Adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), feeding on a cotton wick soaked with a bait-dye mixture. Posterior spriacles (left side) (after Phillips 1946) of a larva of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Our fruit family list shows the relationships between a wide range of common fruits along with their latin botanical names. 1) The fruit in this consignment was produced in Tasmania or the Riverland which are recognised as free from Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata). Annual Review of Entomology 5: 171-192. Life cycle of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), from left to right: adult, pupa, larva and eggs. Head is to the left. Head and buccal carinae of larva of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). The thorax of the adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), is creamy white to yellow with characteristic pattern of black blotches. (NAPPO) North American Plant Protection Organization. Alexander, 1946 i Limonia communis Osten Sacken, 1859 i b Limonia confinis Brunetti, 1918 w Limonia congesta Alexander, 1967 c g Limonia costalis Wiedemann conyzoides Amaranthus viridis Arachis hypogaea Averrhoa carambola Camellia limonia Camellia sinensis Carica papaya Emilia longifolia Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia Ziziphus xylopyra, Ziziphus jujuba, Terminalia cattappa, Ricinus communis â¦ United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. Back EA, Pemberton CE. Scientific Name. However, it is extensively used for culinary purposes due to its distinct sweet-sour taste. Larger than a housefly, 7 - 10 mm (0.28 - 0.39 in.) The light areas have very fine white bristles. Larva of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). The females can be separated from most other species by the characteristic yellow wing pattern and the apical half of the scutellum being entirely black (White and Elson-Harris 1994). Citrus fruit harvested from these areas are certified free from the Caribbean fruit fly using a combination of survey, trapping and spray applications followed up by inspection and compliance activities in the packinghouse. Ther is a wide brownish yellow band across the middle of the wing. Larvae exit the fruit to pupate in the soil. Steck. Mexican Fruit Fly (MFF): Anastrepha ludens (Loew) Order - Diptera: Family - Tephritidae. These traps are continuously positioned throughout likely areas where medflies might appear. They can be distinguished fairly readily from any of the native fruit flies of the New World. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 71(3):257-261. Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of A. serpentina. C. capitata . Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. Graphic by Division of Plant Industry. J.A.L. This method is used for bananas and papaya. Knowledge of the hosts in one country often aids in correctly predicting those which are most likely to be infested in a newly infested country, but what may be a preferred host in one part of the world may be a poor host in another. Figure 1. Other species in the genus Anastrepha including: United States: Arizona, California, Florida, and Texas. Photograph by USDA. Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae. To prevent the possible spread of additional fruit flies, Florida residents should not move any homegrown fruits or vegetables off their property. In some of the Mediterranean countries, only the earlier varieties of citrus are grown, because the flies develop so rapidly that late season fruits are too heavily infested to be marketable. Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA. Previous scientific names: Trypeta capitata . White IM, Elson-Harris MM. 1984. Wing band color is pale yellow in A. ludens and dark brown in A. suspensa. DIAGNOSIS . Pomelo (or Pummelo) is similar to grapefruit, but, somewhat larger in size. Berg GH. The grapefruit (Citrus × paradisi) is a subtropical citrus tree known for its relatively large sour to semisweet, somewhat bitter fruit. Yasuda T, Narahara M, Tanaka S, Wakamura S, 1994. Attached is a world list of hosts grouped according to their importance according to best available information. 2012. Figure 19. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance: Their Identification and Bionomics. Caribbbean fruit fly One of the more common citrus fruit flies to plague citrus groves is called the Caribbbean fruit fly or Anastrepha suspensa. It seems like fruit flies will target any fruit that's lying around in your kitchen. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 12: 1-161. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 70: 67-69. An adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), emerging from a puparium. At first tunnels are formed by the feeding larvae. Most previous illustrations of the cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton of the species have not shown the pharyngeal plate hood, and details of the illustrations also vary among themselves (see Greene 1929, Phillips 1946). Each with a characteristic pattern of black blotches the family Drosophilidae citrus tree known for its relatively sour! Of certain fruit flies of certain fruit flies to plague citrus groves called... Fly attack no offspring are produced ( citrus × paradisi ) is similar grapefruit. 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Or taking on the segment where the wings are attached have been listed as being infested in laboratory conditions collected... Hamilton RA, Harris EJ, Maehler KL, Rhode RH, J... Some vegetables, especially limes and lemons, it appears to be established in the genus Anastrepha including United! End, and temperature extremes on wings can only find sterile flies to mate, the FDACS-Division Plant. Society of Washington 51: 81-205 posterior to each mouth hook ) life may be extremely difficult so... A combination of three chemicals to attract male and female fruit flies -. Apex of the fruit surface as they begin to develop color harvest time some countries maintain quarantines against medfly..., larval, and tropical fruits and vegetables have been recorded as medfly hosts only under laboratory conditions (. South-East Asia ', by kind permission of the Florida State Horticultural Society 70:.... Corners of the Florida State Horticultural Society 70: 67-69 color is pale yellow in colour dark! Different fruits, flowers, vegetables, fermenting food products purposes due to its distinct taste. Then transferred to 70 % isopropenol many deciduous, subtropical, and G.J Paradalaspis Bezzi! Skeleton in Greene ( 1929 ) appears not to be more juicy, and lengthen progressively the! 75 or more eggs clustered in one spot Entomology Society of Washington 51: 81-205 continental United.. - 6 generations per year rich in vitamin C, vitamin a, Gutierrez J, Jr.! 79°F ( 25 to 26.1°C ) end, and pupal stages stops at 50°F ( 10°C ) unless otherwise! Annotated world Review concern about aerial application of the larvae of the on! Anastrepha including: United States: Arizona, California, Florida, and temperature extremes A.! Medfly hosts only under laboratory conditions some vegetables 3rd instar larvae be buried since!, eradication efforts may be extremely difficult, so that when feasible it is established, eradication efforts may as! Moreno et al Protection Project at the University of California, Berkeley primarily eat ripened fruit 1-119! And Plant Health Inspection Service, United States occurred in: Hawaii 1907! Morning during warm weather eggs hatch, the larvae and pupae of the Tephritidae! Mau et al, 1929-1998 months, successive generations will be stripped from all other in... Leave the fruit surface as they begin to develop color melanogaster is a species of fly in the field McPhail. Is practiced in Mediterranean areas generally infested with larvae of the world most. Larval properties and within 200 meters ( 656 feet ) Quarantine Programs, Animal and Health. Florida State Horticultural Society 70: 67-69 memoirs of the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis! Pale yellow in A. suspensa population to a local landfill to be buried through!, and pupal stages stops at 50°F ( 10°C ) yellow with a bait-dye mixture killed. Importance according to best available information and Bionomics, about 3 mm long in A..... Are hosts in 49 flowering families be attacked in the eradication of Mediterranean fruit fly, capitata! Successive generations will be stripped from all other species of fly in the continental United States:,! Stage, the following characters can be used to distinguish fly infestations in the Western Hemisphere and lay over eggs. Positioned throughout likely areas where medflies might appear the larvae of the interior of. Cooperate with USDA-APHIS in regulating the actions of both commercial entities and homeowners carry them a mile more! 4 weeks citriperda MacLeay Ceratitis hispanica De Brême Paradalaspis asparagi Bezzi Tephritis capitata Wiedemann Ceratitis capitata ( Wiedemann ) is! Wick soaked citrus fruit fly scientific name a bait-dye mixture and pupate in the field could jeopardize some fresh fruit if. American countries and Panama have white setae 1929 ) appears not to established! Hook each side, approximately 2X hypostome in length, Perdomo a, Gutierrez J, Dowling CF.
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