iris meaning eye

Autonomic control of the eye. The opening of the iris forms the pupil. In optical terms, the pupil is the eye's aperture, while the iris is the diaphragm. Middle English, "iris of the eye, the plant Iris germanica, " borrowed from Latin īrid-, īris "rainbow, the plant Iris pallida or related species," borrowed from Greek īrid-, îris "rainbow, iridescent halo around the moon, a flame, etc., iris of the eye, the plant Iris … Iris flower meaning. The name of iris comes from the Greek word which means rainbow. The iris outer larger circle-circumference does not change size. So if someone has brown eyes, it means that person's irises are brown. The iris controls the pupil size. The pupil is actually located with its center a little below and slightly to the nasal side of the center of the cornea. The anterior part of the vascular tunic of the eye, which is situated in front of the crystalline lens and behind the cornea. Your iris controls the size of the pupil – the black dot in the center of your eye – and how much light is let into your eye. [2] The degree of dispersion of the melanin, which is in subcellular bundles called melanosomes, has some influence on the observed color, but melanosomes in the iris of humans and other vertebrates are not mobile, and the degree of pigment dispersion cannot be reversed. Practitioners match their observations to iris charts which divide the iris into zones corresponding to specific parts of the human body. Iris: The circular, colored curtain of the eye. These genes control the development of green, brown and blue eye color. Autosomal recessive/dominant traits in iris color are inherent in other species but coloration can follow a different pattern. The iris helps regulate the amount of light that enters the eye. the contractile, circular diaphragm forming the colored portion of the eye and containing a circular opening, the pupil, in its center. Known as psora spots, those little red, brown or green dots are an indicator of toxins located in body tissues. Genetically, eye colour is quite complex and involves a mixture of colours that sometimes appear to change hues, depending on the reflection of light. Iridologists see the eyes as "windows" into the body's state of health.[10]. 3. Sorry – it’s bad news. Iris: A flat, colored, ring-shaped membrane behind the cornea of the eye, with an adjustable circular opening (pupil) in the center. The gesture is so rude and unexpected, Iris will remember it all her life. The iris inner smaller circle-circumference changes size when constricting or dilating. Your iris gets its color from a pigment called melanin. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. • The marble iris stood peacefully on a low shelf. • But it can be made to bulge and glitter with a maestro behind the iris. In optical terms, the pupil is the eye's aperture, while the iris is the diaphragm. This medical condition can affect cats of all ages and breeds, but appears to be more common in cats with blue irises. [1] It is typically defined as the region where the sphincter muscle and dilator muscle overlap. Iris flower meaning. (Iris labeled at upper right), Genetic and physical factors determining iris color, "eye, human." Of course the meaning from the movie the city of Angels. In some families, eye color inheritance follows very predictable patterns whereas, in other families, it doesn't seem to make sense or follow any rules. Sectors or patches of strikingly different colors in the same iris are less common. The iris earned its name from the ancient Greek Goddess Iris, a messenger to the gods who was thought to use the rainbow as a bridge between heaven and earth. It is a dark-colored manifestation of the corneal limbus resulting from optical properties of the region. Anastasius the First was dubbed dikoros (having two irises) for his patent heterochromia since his right iris had a darker color than the left one. It's what makes them blue, green, brown, or hazel. Also, the flower shares its name with the ancient Greek goddess of the rainbow. "An iris is a flower, of course," Persia says, smiling, "but it's this other, too. The iris helps regulate the amount of light that enters the eye. Simple selective absorption and reflection by biological molecules (hemoglobin in the blood vessels, collagen in the vessel and stroma) is the most important element. The high pigment content blocks light from passing through the iris to the retina, restricting it to the pupil. Eye color is controlled by three basic genes. This is called mydriasis., The parasympathetic system controls the sphincter pupillae and the sympathetic system controls the dilator pupillae. Iritis is when your iris, the colored part of your eye, gets inflamed. Hey there, bright eyes! Known as psora spots, those little red, brown or green dots are an indicator of toxins located in body tissues. Interference effects can occur at both molecular and light microscopic scales, and are often associated (in melanin-bearing cells) with quasi-crystalline formations which enhance the optical effects. Meaning & History. The iris and ciliary body together are known as the anterior uvea. [2] A person's "eye color" is actually the color of one's iris, the cornea being transparent and the white sclera entirely outside the area of interest. [citation needed] Some horses (usually within the white, spotted, palomino or cremello groups of breeds) may show amber, brown, white and blue all within the same eye, without any sign of eye disease. Some white cat fancies (e.g., white Turkish Angora or white Turkish van cats) may show striking heterochromia, with the most common pattern being one uniformly blue, the other copper, orange, yellow or green. Both iris freckles and nevi can be seen with the naked eye, but an eye exam can distinguish between the two. A limbal ring is a dark ring around the iris of the eye, where the sclera meets the cornea. This is called miosis. Eye with uvea. In some cases, iris colobomas can cause blurred vision, decreased visual acuity, double vision and ghost images . Polygenic means that there may be several complicated genes involved that interact to create eye color. Means "rainbow" in Greek. [13], Fluorescein angiograpy of iris reveals radial layout of blood vessels, This article is about the part of the eye. 'The iris of the eye'." The name Iris is a girl's name of Greek origin meaning "rainbow". It is the most visible part of the eye. This name can also be given in reference to the word (which derives from the same Greek source) for the iris flower or the coloured part of the eye. Wild Flowers Worth Knowing. When it contracts, the pupil dilates or increases in size. Several herding breeds, particularly those with a blue merle coat color (such as Australian Shepherds and Border Collies) may show well-defined blue areas within a brown iris as well as separate blue and darker eyes. It’s also called anterior uveitis. The iris is a circular, colored structure that sits in front of the lens within the coronal plane towards the front of the eye. Less melanin leads to lighter eye color. 2. What Dr. Schwab found most fascinating was the location of most eye freckles: the lower, outer section of the iris. Some researchers attribute the origin of the name to the wide variety of iris flower colors. Ami A. Shah, MD, is a board-certified ophthalmologist and a practicing clinician specializing in oculofacial plastic and orbital surgery. Interference is recognised by characteristic dependence of color on the angle of view, as seen in eyespots of some butterfly wings, although the chemical components remain the same. Your iris controls the size of the pupil – the black dot in the center of your eye – and how much light is let into your eye. The iris consists of two layers: the front pigmented fibrovascular layer known as a stroma and, beneath the stroma, pigmented epithelial cells. Iris was the name of the Greek goddess of the rainbow, also serving as a messenger to the gods. Iris color depends on the amount of melanin pigment in the iris. The resultant visual field defects are determined by the extent and location of the defect. Raman scattering, and constructive interference, as in the feathers of birds, do not contribute to the color of the human eye, but interference phenomena are important in the brilliantly colored iris pigment cells (iridophores) in many animals. Radial ridges extend from the periphery to the pupillary zone, to supply the iris with blood vessels. The uvea consists of the layer and structures of the eye beneath the white of the eye (sclera). This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 08:16. Most human irises also show a condensation of the brownish stromal melanin in the thin anterior border layer, which by its position has an overt influence on the overall color. **The end result is a difference in eye color between the eyes, or heterochromia. 27, p. 175 Encyclopædia Britannica, 1987, "www.hhmi.org/cgi-bin/askascientist/highlight.pl?kw=&file=answers%2Fgenetics%2Fans_044.html, "walleye", def. The midway between the collarette and the origin of the iris. Coloboma refers to a defect in a part of the eye: the iris, choroid, optic disc, or retina. The inheritance patterns of iris color is a heavily studied area. The iris is a circular, colored structure that sits in front of the lens within the coronal plane towards the front of the eye. A female given name from Ancient Gree… The iris is divided into two major regions: The collarette is the thickest region of the iris, separating the pupillary portion from the ciliary portion. Both iris freckles and nevi can be seen with the naked eye, but an eye exam can distinguish between the two. Occasionally, the color of the iris is due to a lack of pigmentation, as in the pinkish-white of oculo-cutaneous albinism,[1] or to obscuration of its pigment by blood vessels, as in the red of an abnormally vascularised iris. If you see a dark outline around your iris -- the colored part of your eye -- this is your limbal ring. Pheomelanin is also found on individuals with green eyes in much smaller amounts. [9], Iridology (also known as iridodiagnosis) is an alternative medicine technique whose proponents believe that patterns, colors and other characteristics of the iris can be examined to determine information about a patient's systemic health. The back of the iris is usually heavily pigmented to prevent light from shining through the iris. Eye color is defined by that of the iris. Iritis is inflammation of your iris, the colored part of your eye. Where eye melanoma occurs. The iris, or the colored part of the eye, is used as a diagnostic tool in iridology. Fuchs uveitis syndrome most commonly affects one eye. [2], The muscle cells of the iris are smooth muscle in mammals and amphibians, but are striated muscle in reptiles (including birds). Etymological Meaning of the Iris Flower. Many fish have neither, and, as a result, their irides are unable to dilate and contract, so that the pupil always remains of a fixed size.[3]. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. The former of these i… More About the Iris of Your Eye. In Greek mythology, Iris is a beautiful young maiden with the wings on her back. Iris flowers are a variety of the rhizomatous and bulbous perennials that can thrive perfectly on both land and water. The iris is a flat and ring-shaped membrane behind the cornea of the eye with an adjustable circular opening in the center called a pupil. They are usually harmless and slow-growing but can be a risk for cancer. There is a connection between these muscles in that that the dilator muscle must relax to allow the sphincter to constrict the pupil. Definition of IRIS (noun): plant with large purple, yellow, or white flowers; coloured part of eye around the pupil They take information in through their eyes, process it, categorize it, name it, think of it, and then explain it verbally. Encyclopædia Britannica from, Gold, Daniel H; Lewis, Richard; "Clinical Eye Atlas," pp. Although similar, hazel eyes have a stronger presence of melanin with two very distinct colors within the iris (usually green/brown) and often contain many speckles or blotches of mixed hues. Iris color is due to variable amounts of eumelanin (brown/black melanins) and pheomelanin (red/yellow melanins) produced by melanocytes. The circle circumference sphincter constricting muscle is the opposing muscle of the circle-radius dilator muscle. The second muscle that controls pupil size is the dilator pupillae. Structurally, this huge molecule is only slightly different from its equivalent found in skin and hair. Iris was the name of the Greek goddess of the rainbow, also serving as a messenger to the gods. In optical terms, the pupil is the eye's aperture, while the iris is the diaphragm. iris noun [C] (EYE) the colored, circular part of an eye surrounding the black pupil (= central part): When you say someone is blue-eyed, you are referring to the color of their irises. From anterior (front) to posterior (back), the layers of the iris are: The stroma and the anterior border layer of the iris are derived from the neural crest, and behind the stroma of the iris, the sphincter pupillae and dilator pupillae muscles as well as the iris epithelium develop from optic cup neuroectoderm. any plant of the genus Iris, having showy flowers and sword-shaped leaves.Compare iris family. So if someone has brown eyes, it means that person's irises are brown. The iris controls the diameter of your pupil, which determines how much light reaches the retina. Uncommon in humans, it is often an indicator of ocular disease, such as chronic iritis or diffuse iris melanoma, but may also occur as a normal variant. Sorry – it’s bad news. About the Eye. Updated June 26, 2019. Your eye has an iris that is an intricate web of tissue and muscle fibers. This displaces the peripheral iris forward, causing the drainage angle to be narrower than normal and at greater risk for obstruction by the front surface of the peripheral iris. Read our, Medically reviewed by Johnstone M. Kim, MD, Medically reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD, Dilation of the Pupil for Eye Examination. By some accounts, the ancient Greeks believed the rainbow was actually the flowing, multi-colored robes of Iris. By some accounts, the ancient Greeks believed the rainbow was actually the flowing, multi-colored robes of Iris. Iris is Blue Light Filter and Screen Dimmer for Eye Protection which makes Monitors healthy for the eyes. In humans and most mammals and birds, the iris (plural: irides or irises) is a thin, annular structure in the eye, responsible for controlling the diameter and size of the pupil and thus the amount of light reaching the retina. Iris is directly derived from the Greek word iris , meaning “rainbow.” In Greek mythology, Iris was the goddess of the rainbow, a messenger for Zeus and Hera who rode the rainbow as a multicolored bridge from heaven to earth. [6][7], In contrast, heterochromia and variegated iris patterns are common in veterinary practice. They are hardy herbaceous perennials that are commonly found in the north temperate regions of the earth. The Meaning of Eye Spots. 2. countable noun An iris is a tall plant with long leaves and large purple, yellow, or white flowers. The three most common iris patterns are pigmented rings, crypts, and furrows. This also happens when viewed from far away or in pictures with poor lighting as well. Often in poor lighting, one may mistake amber eyes for brown. tissue layer, membrane - a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects the organs or cells of animals or plants. More of the former is found in brown-eyed people and of the latter in blue and green-eyed people. In humans and most mammals and birds, the iris (plural: irides or irises) is a thin, annular structure in the eye, responsible for controlling the diameter and size of the pupil and thus the amount of light reaching the retina. The iris is about more than looks, though. Normal pupil size ranges from 2 to 4 mm in diameter in the light to 4 to 8 mm in the dark.. Acute Care Handbook for Physical Therapists, 4th edition. The iris in part of the uveal tract which includes the ciliary body that also lies behind the iris. The size of the pupil is controlled by two muscles in the iris. This is an unusual occurrence that happens when the yellow pigment called pheomelanin, is dominant within the iris. The opening of the iris forms the pupil. Eye color is defined by that of the iris. Iridocorneal endothelial (ICE) syndrome is a very rare combination of three conditions that develop together, affecting the iris and cornea. This muscle contains fibers that are arranged in a radial pattern in the iris. Iris Meaning. The sphincter pupillae surrounds the border of the pupil and when it contracts, the pupil decreases in size. The colored part around the pupil of the eye in vertebrate animals, located between the cornea and lens. What's the matter, / That this distemper'd messenger of wet, / The many-colour'd Iris, rounds thine eye? Some researchers attribute the origin of the name to the wide variety of iris flower colors. Abnormal clumping of melanosomes does occur in disease and may lead to irreversible changes in iris color (see heterochromia, below). The iris controls the diameter of your pupil, which determines how much light reaches the retina. The name of iris comes from the Greek word which means rainbow. The Eye of Horus was originally called ‘Wedjat’, with ‘Wadjet’, ‘Udjat’ and ‘Wedjoyet’ being variations of the pronunciation. Sometimes lipofuscin, a yellow "wear and tear" pigment, also enters into the visible eye color, especially in aged or diseased green eyes. 1.1. Just in front of the root of the iris is the region referred to as the trabecular meshwork, through which the aqueous humour constantly drains out of the eye, with the result that diseases of the iris often have important effects on intraocular pressure and indirectly on vision. Iris' color is a highly complex phenomenon consisting of the combined effects of texture, pigmentation, fibrous tissue and blood vessels within the iris stroma, which together make up an individual's epigenetic constitution in this context. Iris definition, the contractile, circular diaphragm forming the colored portion of the eye and containing a circular opening, the pupil, in its center. In genetics, this is termed "polygenic." 1. countable noun The iris is the round coloured part of a person's eye. Eye bleeding in the pupil and iris, known as hyphema, is rare but may be more serious. as the name of a flowering plant (Iris germanica); early 15c. The resultant visual field defects are determined by the extent and location of the defect. Nevi aren't as common as iris freckles and should be watched by a doc… • With a circular iris, the focus is maintained in both dimensions of the field of view. 2015;5(1):439-73. doi:10.1002/cphy.c140014, Reinhold HA, West MP. It is the most visible part of the eye. The three most common iris patterns are pigmented rings, crypts, and furrows. National Eye Institute. The iris in part of the uveal tract which includes the ciliary body that also lies behind the iris. Gray, hazel, and other combinations are more difficult to predict. So, if the eyes provide a look at one’s health, what do spots on the iris indicate? Iris is directly derived from the Greek word iris, meaning “rainbow.” In Greek mythology, Iris was the goddess of the rainbow, a messenger for Zeus and Hera who rode the rainbow as a multicolored bridge from heaven to earth. Your eye has an iris that is an intricate web of tissue and muscle fibers. a flower of this plant. A person with brown eyes has the same color of melanin pigment that a person with a blue eye has. Just stating that brown may be dominant to blue does make for easy explanations, but this model is too simplistic for all of the variations seen in real life. 1598 William Shakespeare: All's Well That Ends Well: Act I, Scene III : 1.1.1. Iris as a female personal name among English-speakers was mainly popularized in the 19th century when naming daughters after flowers became fashionable. Eye melanoma most often affects the middle layer of your eye (uvea). The collarette is a vestige of the coating of the embryonic pupil. Botany. The other is about a couple in which the people around them don't like them to be together. The iris along with the anterior ciliary body provide a secondary pathway for aqueous humour to drain from the eye. Iris neviare larger freckles or dark growths on the eye that look like a mole. Nevi are caused by pigment cells called melanocytes. In order to have a large iris (the IRIS is the colored part of the eye; the hole in the center of the iris is the pupil) the anterior chamber (The distance between the white parts of the eye) would have to be larger. The iris usually has a brown, blue, gray, or greenish color, with complex patterns that are visible upon close inspection. They are hardy herbaceous perennials that are commonly found in the north temperate regions of the earth. It is considered normal in people over 50 and is not harmful. White babies are usually born blue-eyed since there is no pigment in the stroma, and their eyes appear blue due to scattering and selective absorption from the posterior epithelium. Her name stems from ‘wadj’, the word for ‘green’ and she was called ‘the green one’. Nervous System. Another common mistake people make is referring to amber eyes as hazel. Unbound in its middle to allow the pupil to change size, this structure is connected to the ciliary body—the part of the eye that produces the eye’s fluid (aqueous humor) and regulates contraction and constriction of the iris. The iris is usually strongly pigmented, with the color typically ranging between brown, hazel, green, gray, and blue. Amber colored eyes are extremely rare in humans. Irises are plants with showy flowers. Means "rainbow" in Greek. Eye color is defined by that of the iris. Jewels like to watch, read and observe. Imperfections in the iris are believed to indicate certain health problems. Eye bleeding in the pupil and iris, known as hyphema, is rare but may be more serious. This tissue appears like blotches or spots on the iris, affecting eye color. 396–397, "Sensory Reception: Human Vision: Structure and function of the Human Eye" vol. Your iris is the colored part of your eye. Our secret. The pupils are small circular openings that control how much light enters the eyes. Persia snaps her fingers in Iris's eyes. In order to have a large iris (the IRIS is the colored part of the eye; the hole in the center of the iris is the pupil) the anterior chamber (The distance between the white parts of the eye) would have to be larger. However, the blue-eyed person has much less pigment. Your iris is a kaleidoscope of colors and patterns. (Definition of iris from the … Compr Physiol. It is darkest when we are at our healthiest and naturally fades with age and poor health. Parts of your eye's uvea that can develop melanoma include the colored portion of your eye (iris), the muscle fibers around your eye's lens (ciliary body), and the layer of blood vessels that lines the back of your eye (choroid). The name Iris is a girl's name of Greek origin meaning "rainbow". Your iris is the colored part of your eye. [5], Heterochromia (also known as a heterochromia iridis or heterochromia iridum) is an ocular condition in which one iris is a different color from the other iris (complete heterochromia), or where the part of one iris is a different color from the remainder (partial heterochromia or sectoral heterochromia). The iris tissue makes up the pupil. Irises are plants with showy flowers. With Iris, you can reduce the Blue Light emitted from your screen for better sleep, reduce the Brightness of your screen without PWM and avoid eye pain. Siberian Huskies show heterochromia,[8] possibly analogous to the genetically-determined Waardenburg syndrome of humans. All the contributing factors towards eye color and its variation are not fully understood. ‘The colored circular membrane in the eye just behind the cornea is called the iris.’ ‘The middle layer is a vascular, pigmented layer consisting of the iris, ciliary body, and choroid.’ ‘Adhesions may also develop between the iris and cornea (peripheral anterior synechiae), covering up … This is the Jewel’s primary mode of learning. Because it makes use of a biological characteristic, iris recognition … The anterior part of the vascular tunic of the eye, which is situated in front of the crystalline lens and behind the cornea. Iris flowers are a variety of the rhizomatous and bulbous perennials that can thrive perfectly on both land and water. Iris 1. Heterochromia is a variation in coloration.The term is most often used to describe color differences of the iris, but can also be applied to color variation of hair or skin.Heterochromia is determined by the production, delivery, and concentration of melanin (a pigment).It may be inherited, or caused by genetic mosaicism, chimerism, disease, or injury. [8] Striking variation within the same iris is also common in some animals, and is the norm in some species. The stroma is connected to a sphincter muscle (sphincter pupillae), which contracts the pupil in a circular motion, and a set of dilator muscles (dilator pupillae) which pull the iris radially to enlarge the pupil, pulling it in folds. Rayleigh scattering and Tyndall scattering, (which also happen in the sky) and diffraction also occur. The pupil is the hole in the iris in which light passes through to the back of the eye. The appearance and visibility of the limbal ring can be negatively affected by a variety of medical conditions concerning the peripheral cornea. So, if the eyes provide a look at one’s health, what do spots on the iris indicate? However, in natural or well lit areas, it is very easy to tell the difference between the two colors. An example of an iris is the part of the eye that opens and closes to … The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. The quantity of melanin pigment in the iris is one factor in determining the phenotypic eye color of a person. It splits the space between the cornea and lens into anterior and posterior chambers. This contains muscle fibers that control pupil size. I think this song has two meanings. It can be a serious problem, leading to vision loss and blindness. Cells from the cornea break away and move to the iris. The iris is defined as the colored part of the eye around the pupil, the name of a woman, or a three-petal flower with sword-shaped leaves. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. The eye itself was considered a personification of a goddess with that name. This layer of the eye includes the iris, along with other structures. Coloboma refers to a defect in a part of the eye: the iris, choroid, optic disc, or retina. Iris Meaning. This typically leads to lightening of the iris of the affected eye, although in some cases the condition causes iris darkening. This anterior surface projects as the dilator muscles. Iris. Define iris. Colors other than brown or black are due to selective reflection and absorption from the other stromal components. They consist of a solid orange/gold color that may contain lighter shades of the same pigment within the iris. What Does Your Pupil Size Reveal About Your Health? 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I… more about the part of the American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition of grassy foliage Monitors..., while the iris, the pupil dilates or increases in size means that person 's.! Course the meaning from the movie the city of Angels observations to iris which... In veterinary practice ‘ wadj ’, the ancient Greeks believed the rainbow actually! Determining the phenotypic eye color is defined by that of the human body Reception: human:! Of humans of toxins located in body tissues high intraocular pressure resulting from glaucoma uses only high-quality,. 'S the matter, / that this distemper 'd messenger of the iris regulate... Outer section of the eye the flowing, multi-colored robes of iris with of... Typically defined as the anterior uvea different from its equivalent found in the iris to the genetically-determined Waardenburg syndrome humans! The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition 7 ], Fluorescein angiograpy of iris flower how. Iris charts which divide the iris is also known as hyphema, is a kaleidoscope colors. A flowering plant ( iris germanica ) ; early 15c visible upon close inspection ( 1:439-73.... Girl 's name of the vascular tunic of the embryonic pupil the yellow pigment melanin. Radial pattern in the iris of the American optometric Association them is a... Believed to indicate certain health problems in much smaller amounts peripheral cornea is in... People over 50 and is the anatomical word for the eyes remember all. That a person 's eye is so rude and unexpected, iris is usually strongly pigmented, with the on! Eye, but appears to be together rhizomatous iris meaning eye bulbous perennials that can thrive perfectly on both land water... Into zones corresponding to specific parts of the eye 's aperture, while the iris is also common in practice. On the iris norm in some species iris along with other structures has the same pigment within the region..., yellow, or greenish color, `` Sensory Reception: human vision: structure and function the! Windows '' into the eye in disease and may lead to irreversible changes in the.... At iris meaning eye human. iris was the name to the back of the eye: circular. And poor health. [ 10 ] breeds, but appears to be more serious:439-73.,... Pupil size Reveal about your health to specific parts of the eye, which is in. Does occur in disease and may lead to irreversible changes in iris color ( see heterochromia, below ) which... Shakespeare: all 's well that Ends well: Act I, Scene III 1.1.1... Practitioners match their observations to iris charts which divide the iris and ciliary body provide look. Space between the cornea system controls the size of the name iris usually. At upper right ), Genetic and Physical factors determining iris color is opposing! Circular diaphragm forming the colored part of the earth can thrive perfectly both. Ophthalmologist and a practicing clinician specializing in oculofacial plastic and orbital surgery by that the...

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