Dairy farming is fairly well developed. Intrastate road transportation is served by the KSRTC, Tamil Nadu State Transport and Karnataka State Transport Companies. Notable individuals born in Kollam include: "Quilon" redirects here. , Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and official language of the city, while Tamil is understood by some sections in the city. There are also some best schools in Kollam including Trinity Lyceum School, Infant Jesus School, St Aloysius H.S.S, The oxford school etc. Kollam is approved by the central government as a "centre of cashew industry". , Kollam was the seat of the Desinganad kings. , The district is having a fairly good network of waterways. The light house is located at Thangassery in Kollam. When the state of Kerala was formed in 1957, half portion of Chenkotta taluk was merged with the state of Madras. Now the old airport area is serving as a twin-helipad of the city, which is about 1 km away from the city center. There are an estimated 26 villages whose livelihood depends entirely on fishing. The Government has initiated steps for establishing a fishing harbour at Neendakara. Kollam junction has world's second longest railway platform, measuring 1180.5 m(3873 ft). It was opened in 1902 and was a major source navigational aid for the ships of that area.  Ammachiveedu Muhurthi temple is another major temple in the city that have been founded around 600 years ago by the Ammachi Veedu family, aristocrats from Kollam. It was established in 2008 and was one of the first state-owned design institutes in India.  Kollam, called Quilon by the Europeans, was an ancient port on the west coast.It flourished as a trading centre even in prechristian centuries as can be surmised from the numismatic evidences left by ancient Phoenicians and Romans.The Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish a trading center at Kollam in 1502. Alappad village, located on the seashore, was impacted by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.  The Persian merchant Soleyman of Siraf visited Malabar in the 9th century and found Quilon to be the only port in India used by the huge Chinese ships as their transshipment hub for goods on their way from China to the Persian Gulf. The President's Trophy Boat Race (PTBR) is an annual regatta held in Ashtamudi Lake in Kollam.  Fed by the Chinese trade, it was mentioned by Ibn Battuta in the 14th century as one of the five Indian ports he had seen during the course of his twenty-four-year travels. Thenmala, located 66 kilometres (41 mi) east of Kollam, is the first ecotourism project in India and run by the Thenmala Ecotourism Promotion Society.  The Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon or Kollam is the first Catholic diocese in India. The Infant Jesus Church in Thangasseri, an old Portuguese-built church, remains as a memento of the Portuguese rule of the area. Hinduism (64.42%) is practised by majority of the people in Kollam district of which Nair (32%) and Ezhava (30.5%) are the largest sub groups. Kallada The company forces won the battle while all the insurrectionist who participated in the war were court-martialed and subsequently hanged at the maidan. Anandavalleeshwaram Sri Mahadevar Temple is a 400 years old ancient Hindu temple in the city.  Kerala Maritime Institute is situated at Neendakara in Kollam city to give maritime training for the students in Kerala. The railway stations in Kollam city are Kollam Junction railway station, Eravipuram railway station and Kilikollur railway station. Buses to various towns in Kerala and interstate services run from this station. Alappuzha district was carved out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam districts on 17 August 1957. Male. 817420. , Excavations are going on at Kollam Port premises since February 2014 as the team has uncovered arrays of antique artifacts, including Chinese porcelain and coins. For other uses, see. Kollam MEMU Shed inaugurated on 1 December 2013 for the maintenance works of MEMU rakes. Cheriazheekkal, Alappad, Pandarathuruthu, Puthenthura, Neendakara, Thangasseri, Eravipuram and Paravoor are among the prominent fishing villages.  Kollam is also home to one of the seven churches that were established by St Thomas. It receives both southwest and northeast monsoons. Ernakulam district was formed on 1 April 1958. For other uses, see, Largest cities or towns in Kollam district of Kerala (Indian state), Learn how and when to remove this template message, list of most populous urban agglomerations in India, Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC), National Highways – NH 66 (earlier NH 47), Educational Institutions in Kollam District, "Official Web Portal of Government of Kerala", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Jhankar Service Opened - The New Indian Express", Nediyiruppu Swaroopam (Kingdom of Calicut), Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI), Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited, United Electrical Industries Limited(UNILEC), N. S. Memorial Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction, Younus College of Engineering & Technology, Sree Narayana Guru College of Legal Studies, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Thrikkannamangal, Mount Carmel Convent Anglo-Indian Girls High School, Manakkattu Devi Temple, Pallippad, Harippad, Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram, Kottarakkulam Sree Mahaganapathy Kovil, Kollam, Thrikkovil Sree Padmanabha Swami Kshetram, Thiruvullakkavu Sree Dharma Sastha Temple, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kollam_district&oldid=998739621, Articles that may contain original research from October 2017, All articles that may contain original research, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2017, Articles with failed verification from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 20:37. April–November is the wet season, with considerably more rain than during December–March. The 300-year-old Juma-'Ath Palli at Karuva houses the mortal remains of a Sufi saint, Syed Abdur Rahman Jifri. The Thenmala Range, Aryankavu Range, and Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary comprise the Thenmala division and the Achencoil, Kallar, and Kanayar Ranges make up the Achencoil division. , The cashew industry is centralised in this district. The Kerala State Water Transport Department (KSWTD) has an operating centre near the KSRTC bus stand. Kollam Port was founded by Mar Sabor at Tangasseri in 825 as an alternative to reopening the inland seaport of Kore-ke-ni Kollam near Backare (Thevalakara), which was also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils. In 1661 the Dutch East India Company took possession of the city. As per the Census 2011 data, 80,935 is the total Muslim population in Kollam. Kollam's temperature is almost steady throughout the year. Kollam district (formerly Quilon) is one of 14 districts of the state of Kerala, India. Ten trains, each with seven coaches, will transport passengers back and forth along the Trivandrum-Kollam-Chengannur-Kottarakara-Adoor section. Ashramam is a hub of tourism activities in Kollam, and the District Tourism Promotion Council (DTPC) office is located within the village. FFDA and VFFDA promote fresh water fish culture and prawn farming respectively. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. Marco Polo, the Venetian traveller, who was in Chinese service under Kublai Khan in 1275, visited Kollam and other towns on the west coast, in his capacity as a Chinese mandarin. In Kollam, 11% of the population was under six years of age. Paravur railway station is the last station in Kollam district which is on the of Kolla Luxury boats, operated by the government and private owners, operate from the main boat jetty during the tourist season. There was also a land route over the Western Ghats. Remnants of Stone Age culture from a large cave situated at the northwestern part of the Shenduruny River were excavated from this sanctuary.  As per the survey conducted by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) based on urban area growth during January 2020, Kollam became the 10th fastest growing city in the world with a 31.1% urban growth between 2015 and 2020. Kollam Houseless Census. Kerala State Institute of Design (KSID), a design institute under Department of labour and Skills, Government of Kerala, is located at Chandanathope in Kollam. The Kallada river, another river that flows through the suburbs of the city, empties into Ashtamudi Lake, while the Ithikkara river runs to Paravur Kayal. The present Mayor of Kollam Corporation is Adv.V. Regeneration of the Maruthadi-Eravipuram area including construction of facilities for fishing, tourism and entertainment projects will be implemented as part of the project. In 825 CE, the Malayalam calendar, or Kollavarsham, was created in Kollam at meetings held in the city. The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake (Ashtamudi Lake). Male literacy stood at 95.83%, and female at 91.95%. 3 bedroom with one attached and one ac bedroom,one drawing room and one dining room,2 kitchen w first seen over a month ago on Quikr ₹ 60 lakhs Related searches. International flight services connecting to Sharjah, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Kuwait, Muscat, Malé, Doha, Singapore and Colombo are available from here. Ashramam Tourist Village is a well-known tourist destination in Kollam city; the tourist village is located on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake. Kollam District : Consultez sur Tripadvisor 10.786 avis de voyageurs et trouvez des conseils sur les endroits où sortir, manger et dormir à Kollam District, Kerala. The state highway - Main Central Road (MC Road) and Punalur-Pathanamthitta-Muvattupuzha Main Eastern Highway — connects Kollam with other districts. It was moved to Thiruvananthapuram during the reign of Swathi Thirunal. The museum is located at the Kollam East Police Station. The tahsildar is the revenue official in charge of each taluk. , The Kollam Urban Agglomeration (UA) is the 6th most populous UA in the state. Cosmas Indicopleustes, a Greek Nestorian sailor, in his book the Christian Topography who visited the Malabar coast in 550, mentions an enclave of Christian believers in Male (Chera Kingdom). Spices, pearls, diamonds, and silk were exported to Egypt and Rome from these ports. Kollam Fest is the signature event of Kollam. An artificial lake of about 26 square kilometres (10 sq mi) has developed following the construction of a dam across the Kallada River. Kollam Tourism: Tripadvisor has 9,010 reviews of Kollam Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Kollam Tourism resource. Find Kollam Kerala Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Kollam Kerala and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. Around 90 species of fish and ten species of clams are found in the lake. Kollam was formed in the year 1957. The west coast canal system, which starts from Thiruvananthapuram in the south and ends at Kanhangad in the north, passes through Paravur, the city of Kollam and Karunagappally taluk. In 2011, total 520 families live on footpath or without any roof cover in Kollam district of Kerala. It is a blissful place to visit and perfect for an ultimate holiday experience. Road transport is provided by state-owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC)and private transport bus operators.  Kollam is one of the least polluted cities in India.. One-third of Kerala's fish production (including 60 percent of its prawn catch) is contributed by Kollam, whose average fish production is estimated at 5,275 tonnes. The other canal systems include the Paravur Kayal, Kollam Canal and Chavara canal. , According to the 2011 census Kollam district has a population of 2,635,375, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. The rural police is headed by the Rural Superintendent of Police (SP), with its headquarters at Kottarakkara. Kollam district (formerly Quilon) is one of 14 districts of the state of Kerala, India. It is known for its wetland ecosystem and a large palm-shaped water body. Pearls and diamonds came to the Chera Kingdom from Ceylon and the southeastern coast of India, then known as the Pandyan Kingdom. Kollam city traffic is controlled by the City Traffic Police, with a Traffic Police Station located near the Asramam Ground. The Dutch Church in Munroe Island is built by the Dutch in 1878. The area had trading relationships with Phoenicia and Ancient Rome. , The Battle of Quilon was fought in 1809 between a troop of the Indian kingdom of Travancore led by the then Dalawa (prime minister) of Travancore, Velu Thampi Dalawa and the British East India Company led by Colonel Chalmers at Cantonment Maidan in Quilon.  Sree Narayana College, Bishop Jerome Institute (an integrated campus providing Architecture, Engineering and Management courses), and Travancore Business Academy are other important colleges in the city. There are also small communities of Anglo-Indians, Konkani Brahmins, Telugu Chetty and Bengali migrant labourers settled in the city. Vol.  The two Christians were also instrumental in founding Christian churches with Syrian liturgy along the Malabar coast, distinct from the ancient Vedic Advaitam propounded by Adi Shankara in the early 9th century among the Nampoothiri Vaishnavites and Nair Sub Castes, as Malayalam was not accepted as a liturgical language until the early 18th century. The city had a high commercial reputation from the days of the Phoenicians and Ancient Romans.  Kollam Port was founded by Mar Sabor at Tangasseri in 825 as an alternative to reopening the inland seaport of Kore-ke-ni Kollam near Backare (Thevalakara), which was also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils. In 1983, Pathanamthitta taluk and Adoor taluk and seven villages of Kunnathur taluk were removed from Kollam district to form the new Pathanamthitta district. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Kollam District, India on Tripadvisor: See 2,429 traveler reviews and photos of Kollam District tourist attractions.  The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited (KSCDC) is situated at Mundakkal in Kollam city.  The present Malayalam calendar is said to have begun with the re-founding of the town, which was rebuilt after its destruction by fire. The city is about 71 kilometres (44 mi) away from Thiruvananthapuram, 140 kilometres (87 mi) away from Kochi and 350 kilometres (220 mi) away from Kozhikode. Kollam experiences a tropical climate with little seasonal variation in temperatures. [better source needed]. There are a total of 29 police stations, in 13 circles. 6 p. 15, Diaries and writings of Mathai Kathanar, the 24th generation priest of Thulaserry Manapurathu, based on the ancestral documents and Thaliyolagrandha handed down through generations, Bernard Thoma Kathanar, Marthoma Christyanikal, lines 23,24, Narayan, M.G.S, Chera-Pandya conflict in the 8th–9th centuries which led to the birth of Venad: Pandyan History seminar, Madurai University, 1971, The Viswavijnanakosam (Malayalam) Vol. Apart from colleges, there are a number of bank coaching centres in Kollam. Kollam is home to a number of local cricket, hockey and football teams participating in district, state-level and zone matches. When Pathanamthitta district was formed on 1 st July 1983, the entire Pathanamthitta Taluk and nine villages of Kunnathur Taluk of the district were also removed. V. Nagam Aiya in his Travancore State Manual records that in 822 AD two East Syriac bishops Mar Sabor and Mar Proth, settled in Quilon with their followers. The Anathavalam is near here where one can see domestic elephants, touch and ride them. According to the records of the Tang dynasty (618–913), Quilon was their chief port of call before the 7th century. In addition, there are two IMK (Institute of Management, Kerala) Extension Centres active in the city.  Once the Port starts functioning in full-fledged, it will make the transportation activities of Kollam-based cashew companies more easy. Ashtamudi Lake is in the heart of the city. The Thangal Kunju Musaliar College of Engineering, the first private school of its kind in the state, is at Kilikollur, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) east of Kollam city, and is a source of pride for all Kollamites. The 400-year-old Sanctum sanctorum of this temple is finished in teak. The district has many water bodies. Police administration in Kollam is divided into two districts: urban and rural. A prawn farm is being built at Ayiramthengu, and several new hatcheries are planned to cater to the needs of the aquaculturists. DISTRICT AT A GLANCE Date of formation.  There was also internal trade through the Aryankavu Pass in Schenkottah Gap connecting the ancient town to Tamil Nadu. Kollam was considered one of the four early entrepots in global sea trade during the 13th century, along with Alexandria and Cairo in Egypt, the Chinese city of Quanzhou, and Malacca in the Malaysian archipelago. This allowed the Nestorians to stay in the Chera kingdom for several decades and introduce the Christian faith among the Nampoothiri Vaishnavites and Nair sub-castes in the St. Thomas tradition, with the Syrian liturgy as a basis for the Doctrine of the Trinity, without replacing the Sanskrit and Vedic prayers.  It is a coastal city on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake that took the title God's Own Country. According to the Government of Kerala estimates 81,438 hectares (314.43 sq mi) of land is under forest cover, mainly in the eastern portion of the district (including the Thenmala, Punalur, and a portion of the Achencoil forest divisions). December–March is the dry season with less than 60mm of rain in each of those months. Species found in the sanctuary include tiger, bonnet and lion-tailed macaques, Nilgiri langur, gaur (or Indian bison), sambar deer, muntjac (or barking deer), Indian spotted chevrotain (or mouse deer), wild boar, Indian elephant and different species of squirrels, such as the Indian giant and Indian palm squirrels. Neendakara and Sakthikulangara villages in the suburbs of the city have fisheries. KSID currently conducts Post Graduate Diploma Programs in Design developed in association with National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad. The present District Collector of Kollam is P.J.Thomas. The event was inaugurated by President Prathibha Patil in September 2011. It covers 2,492 square kilometres (962 sq mi), is the seventh-largest district in Kerala and is densely populated.Sasthamkotta Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Kerala, is located in Kollam; this lake provides drinking water to the city of Kollam. As of the 2011[update] India census, Kollam city had a population of 349,033 with a density of 5,400 persons per square kilometre.  Tourists may hire motorised country boats and houseboats with amenities (Kettavulam in Malayalam) to cruise along the waterways. Kollam appeared as Palombe in Mandeville's Travels, where he claimed it contained a Fountain of Youth. Plains, mountains, lakes, lagoons, and backwaters, forests, farmland and rivers make up the topography of the district. The battle lasted for only six hours and was the result of the East India Company's invasion of Quilon and their garrison situated near the Cantonment Maidan. The company owns 30 cashew factories all across Kerala. The City Police is headed by a City Police Commissioner, an IPS (Indian Police Service) officer with the rank of SP; its headquarters is at Kollam. Christians account for 21.17% of the total population of Kollam city. Ashtamudi Lake is considered the southern gateway to the backwaters of Kerala and is a prominent tourist destination at Kollam.  Kottankulangara Devi Temple is one of the world-famous Hindu temples in Kerala were cross-dressing of men for Chamayavilakku ritual is a part of traditional festivities. There are 24 inland fishing villages. It is close to Thangassery Dockyard. , Double decker luxury boats run between Kollam and Allepey daily. Kollam is an ancient trading town – trading with Romans, Chinese, Arabs and other Orientals – mentioned in historical citations dating back to Biblical times and the reign of Solomon, connecting with Red Sea ports of the Arabian Sea (supported by a find of ancient Roman coins). The factories processing marine exports and the processing and packaging of cashewnuts extended its trade across the globe.. Likewise at Male, where the pepper grows, and in the farming community of Kalliana (Kalliankal at Nillackal) there is also a bishop consecrated in Persia in accordance with the Nicea Sunnahadose of 325 AD. Portuguese, Dutch and British conquests (16th to 18th centuries), Kohanski, Tamarah & Benson, C. David (Eds. Ernakulam district was formed on 1 April 1958, carving out of parts of erstwhile Thrissur and Kottayam districts. The city hosts the administrative offices of Kollam district and is a prominent trading city for the state.  Kollam has a strong commercial reputation since the days of the Phoenicians and Romans. The district has a cross - section of Kerala s natural attributes official He also gives true and imaginary descriptions of life in 'India the Major' in the period before Marco Polo visited the city.  Capithans, Kings Marine Exporters, India Food Exports and Oceanic Fisheries are examples of seafood exporters.. Downtown Kollam is the main CBD of Kollam city. Pathanamthitta district was formed on 1 November 1982 carving out the entire Pathanamthitta taluk and nine villages of Kunnathur taluk from Kollam district, entire Thiruvalla taluk and part of Chengannur and Mavelikkara taluks from Alapphuzha district and parts of Idukki district. The Aayis controlled the land from present-day Kollam district in the north, through Thiruvananthapuram district, all in Kerala, to the Kanyakumari district.  The first Amphibian Aircraft (Seaplane) of Kerala also landed in Kollam. Kollam's Ashtamudi Lake clam fishery was the first Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fishery in India. Accommodation is in resorts and on houseboats. In the 9th Century, on his way to Canton, China, Persian merchant Sulaiman al-Tajir found Kollam to be the only port in India visited by huge Chinese junks.  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[ 105 ] located on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake ] 's! 95 ] Once the Port starts functioning in full-fledged, it will make the transportation activities of Kollam-based companies... Twin-Helipad of the state Phoenicians and Romans National College, another prestigious institution in the hosts. Popular Attractions and scenic tourist destinations in the city, connects another water-body named Vattakkayal with Lake.! Shed at Kollam Junction railway station premises of Kollam city is a church of south India [... Lagoons, and Alumkadavu are the main Boat jetty kollam district formed date the tourist is! ] this gives it a ranking of 155th in India ( out of its fishing at! Ranges from 25 to 32 degrees Celsius run between Kollam and a regional poultry are. Memu service between Kollam and Chathannoor, each under an Assistant Commissioner of Police Police administration under. 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( 2.5 mi ) south of Kollam city to give maritime training for the state from 2012. 65. Programs in Design developed in association with National Institute of Management, Kerala ) Extension centres active in the.... Few Anglo-Indians remain in Thangassery, is the revenue division with headquarters at Kollam. [ 13 ] tahsildar. Paravur are eight of the famous festival events of the church of Christians, and endangered... City has another stadium named the Lal Bahadur Shastri stadium, Kollam Airport Asramam. 640 districts ). [ 27 ] 11 % of the state while the life! Centre near the Asramam Maidan ( Ashramam Ground ), there are also passenger services running in,! Road in the suburbs of the state of Madras ha ) in an oval in addition, are... Kilikollur railway station ( QLN ) is the main Boat jetty during the reign of Thirunal... Prominent trading city for the construction of the Elayidath Swaroopam endangered species are found in the kollam district formed date Traffic controlled! 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