strelitzia wild banana

The entire flower can be as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) high by 45 cm (18 in) long, and is typically held just above the point where the leaf fan emerges from the stem. White bird of paradise (Strelitzia nicolai) —A stunning example of a tall indoor house plant with white and blue flowers. The flowers, which appear in spring and early summer, are typical, but in muted shades of purple, blue and creamy-white. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Johannesburg. The Natal wild banana is evergreen and creates a lush, tropical effect in the garden. Mildly toxic if ingested . Van Wyk, B and Van Wyk, P. 1997. It makes an excellent focal point for a mid-size to large garden. S. alba -. Click here to register. Strelitzia nicolai, commonly known as the giant white bird of paradise or wild banana, is a species of banana-like plants with erect woody stems reaching a height of 6 m (20 ft), and the clumps formed can spread as far as 3.5 m (11 ft). Plants require many years of growth before they begin blooming. The root system is aggressive,however, so don't plant it too close to structures and paths. These tear in the wind and come to resemble giant feathers. Evergreen Full sun Semi frost tolerant Medium water requirements Fast grower Attracts birds Attracts insects. Finally, Caesalpinia pulcherrima and Erythrostemon gilliesii belong to the pea family Fabaceae, while Strelitzia is a member of the birds-of-paradise plants family, Strelitziaceae. Species. Although not related to the true bananas or the wild banana Ensete ventricosum, the leaves and growth habit of Strelitzia nicolai are somewhat similar and probably account for the common names. Natal Wild Banana. Yes. Durban. Birds or bananas–those are lofty names indeed. The Natal Wild Banana (Strelitzia nicolai) grows up to 12m high and 4m wide. Summer. The inflorescence is composed of a dark blue bract, white sepals and a bluish-purple "tongue". To grow from seed remove the orange arils and sow seed in a mixture of equal parts river sand and compost. It is light to dark grey and marked with old leaf scars. Briza Publications. UCT Publishers. Strelitzia in USA. Strelitzia Strelitzia. 1), 1–270(pt. The large Leaves, in 2 opposite vertical rows, are sheathing at the base. Flower. It prefers rich, moist soils with good drainage in full sun to part shade. The Natal wild banana is fairly drought tolerant, but it does not tolerate severe frost, so plant it in a protected spot inland. Most Strelitzias are grown in North America, especially in Florida and California. The immature seeds are edible and tasty. Strelitzia nicolai. Our largest species and the most abundant of all species found on the seafront and coastal areas from Port Elizabeth to KwaZulu-Natal. Color: White and bluish Bloom Time: Fall to winter. The name Strelitzia was given to honour Queen Charlotte, the wife of King George III of England. This is one of the very few plants which have been verified to contain the pigment bilirubin, which is usually found in animals. 19cm; 35cm The Natal Wild Banana grows up to 12m high and 4m wide. There has been some confusion over which Nicholas the specific epiphet honours, but original description in Garden flora states that the name nicolai is in honour of Grand duke Nikolai Nikolaievich the elder, third son of Czar Nicholas I of Russia, and not for the Czar. Origins and Meanings of Names of South Africa. The tree flowers throughout the year with a peak in spring-summer. Evergreen perennial, indoor. Strelitzia nicolai; Quantity . Strelitzia nicolai is a large evergreen perennial species from the Strelitziaceae family. A narrow, upright growing plant with banana tree type leaves and sleek white blooms. It will grow in semi-shade or full sun and requires a moderate amount of water, composted soil and space to spread. It is popular as an indoor plant in the huge office blocks of the city. Adds height and drama to mixed plantings, indoors or out. It is a common feature of the coastal vegetation from East London northwards. The stem is woody and smooth in texture. A large tropical plant with long, arching leaves. Giant White Bird of Paradise or Wild Banana Strelitzia nicolai is the Giant Bird of Paradise, a towering mass of tropical foliage. Floral stalk (inflorescence) unbranching to produce a single 25-30cm purple-red, glaucous spathe. Common names: Natal wild banana, (E); Natalse wildepiesang (A); isigude, igceba, inkamanga (Z); ikhamanga, isigude, isigceba (X). Giant bird of paradise, Wild banana, White bird of paradise, Natal strelitzia , Wild strelitzia . Plant Type: Tree. This is one of the very few plants which have been verified to contain the pigment bilirubin, which is usually found in animals. It grows in evergreen forest, gorges, and on slopes along the rivers. Pet/baby safe. Common names: Natal wild banana, (E); Natalse wildepiesang (A); isigude, igceba, inkamanga (Z); ikhamanga, isigude, isigceba (X). Eco-Gardening with Strelitzia nicolai. The inflorescence is compound (more than one flower). Mountain Strelitzia, Wild Banana, Transvaal Wild Banana, African Desert Banana. Wild Banana | Strelitzia Nicolai R 189.95 Shipping calculated at checkout. 1990. Uses. Air purifying. The Natal Wild Banana grows up to 12m high and 4m wide. Vervet and Samango monkeys feed on the soft part of the flowers as well as on the orange aril of the seeds. The flowers provides nectar that attracts sunbirds, especially Olive Sunbirdsand Grey Sunbirds. The easiest way to propagate this tree is from root suckers, but it will also grow from seed. She was from the house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Trees of Natal. 2003, "Animal Pigment Bilirubin Discovered in Plants", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Strelitzia_nicolai&oldid=983097919, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 06:45. It will live happily in shade or sun. It produces showy foliage and flowers which resemble birds, hence the common name Giant Bird Of Paradise. Strelitzia nicolai, commonly known as the giant white bird of paradise or wild banana, is a species of banana-like plants with erect woody stems reaching a height of 6 m (20 ft), and the clumps formed can spread as far as 3.5 m (11 ft). As you have previously read in this article, Strelitzia caudata plants are also called ‘’wild bananas’’. The Natal wild banana grows mostly in coastal dune vegetation and in evergreen forests near the coast. They are produced mostly in autumn and winter, March to July. Common names: Natal Wild Banana, Coastal Strelitzia, White bird of paradise, Natalse wildepiesang, Natal Mock Banana. S. nicolai is restricted to evergreen coastal forest and thicket of eastern South Africa from the Great Fish River northwards to Richards Bay. It received its species name in the 1800s, when two German-Russian botanists named the plant nicolai in honor of the Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaievich, son of Czar Nicholas I of Russia. It is an evergreen tree with multi-stems that form dense clumps. [4], Strelitzia nicolai is one of three larger Strelitzia species, the other two being tree-like S. caudata and S. alba. It can reach 8 m in height and forms dense clumps up to 3 m wide. Although not related to the true bananas or the wild banana Ensete ventricosum, the leaves and growth habit of S. nicolai are somewhat similar and probably account for the common name. [2][3], Strelitzia nicolai is among the few plants which have been verified to contain the pigment bilirubin, which is usually found in animals. Strelitzia nicolai is an eyecatching evergreen, effective throughout the year and is useful for creating a lush, tropical effect. The entire flower can be up to 7.2 inches (18 cm) tall, up to 18 inches (45 cm) long and is typically held just above the … Strelitzia alba is the rarest of the three large banana-like Strelitzia species occurring in southern Africa which are separated by flower characteristics and distribution. This is because the bird of paradise plant has many similar characteristics to banana plants. Plant type. It can grow up to 30' tall, clumping to form a jungle on its own. Flowers are followed by triangular seed capsules. rare in cultivation, trunks to 6m, rarely clumping, shy or intermittently flowering in the spring once mature. Once planted out this plantis fast growing. Sappi Tree Spotting Kwazulu-Natal. The Strelitzia nicolai is fairly drought resistant, but does not withstand severe frost. leaf stem (petiole) to 1m, leaf blade to 60cm wide by 2m long. Description. It is also considered native to Mozambique, Botswana and Zimbabwe, and is reportedly naturalized in eastern Mexico (State of Veracruz).[5]. Jackson, W.P. Flowering time: Spring. The leaves are grey-green up to 6 feet (1.8 m) long and arranged like a fan at the top of the stems. Looking to buy Strelitzia nicolai, Wild Banana? I got these seeds from a friend of mine and had a germination of 70% after six to eight weeks 2cm deep in nice, loose, moist, sandy soil. Cover with a thin layer of compost and keep moist. Used for rope, seeds are ground into flour and made into patties which are roasted, do not plant near walls. Natal Wild Banana Strelitzia nicolai . Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. It also looks good contrasted with evergreen lawns and shrubs. It is wind resistant which makes it very suitable for coastal gardens. The seeds are black in colour, with a tuft of a bright orange woolly aril on the lobe. : 34. Strelitzia nicolai (Natal wild banana) looks like a palm with long, banana-shaped leaves, which makes it exceptionally popular for tropical gardens and pool gardens. 2), Joffe, P. Easy Guide to indigenous Shrubs. Frogs and ducks often shelter in the clumps along rivers for protection. It can be used to offset hard landscaping, buildings and pools etc. By Geoff Nichols. Nickname. Related to the bird of paradise flower (Strelitzia regina ), this close cousin is a much larger plant forming huge clumps of stems to 30 feet in comparison to S. regina's 3 to 4 feet height. It is easy to care for and its stately presence and striking flowers make it a popular choice for those wanting a statement plant. Cape Town. Keep seedlings in a shady spot for the first season. List of species of southern African plants. Bird of Paradise White Wild Banana Strelitzia Nicolai Seeds. Propagation is via division of clumps, offsets and from seed. This is a tall, striking foliage plant related to the well-known crane flower, Strelitzia reginae. Wild banana; white bird of paradise. Strelitzia alba also known as white-flowered wild banana, or Cape wild banana is a plant of the Bird of Paradise family and is endemic to the Garden Route along the southernmost coastal regions of the district of Humansdorp Eastern and district of Knysna in Western Cape in South Africa. General Size: Small. Packet of 10+seeds.. Taken in my garden, Sheffield, Ballito, South Africa. Birds and blue duiker also feed on the flowers. This is a tall, striking foliage plant related to the well-known Crane Flower, Strelitzia reginae. [6] In favourable conditions they self-seed freely, and their invasive root systems are best kept away from buildings.[7]. 1987. Jacana Publishers. Family: Strelitziaceae Genus: Strelitzia. Strelitzia nicolai is commonly grown both indoors and outdoors as well, in the case of warmer climates. However, Strelitzia is more closely related to Ravenala, the Madagascar plant known as the Traveler’s Palm. It grows in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and up into Mozambique towards Zimbabwe. For example, the banana leaves have a similar shape to the bird of paradise leaves. Surprisingly it will even survive it a large pot for several years, and this may be the best way to grow it if you have a patio or small garden. They occur on sand dunes and in coastal forests and are so common that they are characteristic of our east coast beach areas. It withstands salty coastal winds, making it a good feature plant or screen for coastal gardens. Plant height (including pot) 90-100cm; 120-130cm . Trees of South Africa. The flower of the Natal Wild Banana is a typical Crane Flower inflorescence, up to 500 mm long. Please read text! Struik Publishers. Discover our great prices today. Works well for screening unwanted views or defining boundaries. Strelitzia nicolai. Strelitzia nicolai is commonly known as the Wild Banana, as this plant offers very similar foliage to banana. The other two species, S. reginae and S. Nicolai (wild banana or giant white bird of paradise) are popular ornamental and house plants. Strelitzia nicolai Regel & Koern. Strelitzia nicolai, on the other hand, refers to the Wild Banana, aka the Giant White Bird of Paradise. An eye catching evergreen that creates a lush tropical effect in a garden. SA Tree No: 34. The dark, glossy leaves are attractive even when flowers are not present. Multi-stemmed, the tree grows in dense clumps and the long leaves are arranged like a fan at the top of the stems. Strelitzia nicolai is an erect, evergreen, banana-like plant up to 20 feet (6 m) tall and up to 11 feet (3.3 m) wide, with erect, woody stems. Natal flora Publication. It needs a … Family: Strelitziaceae (Strelitzia or Crane flower family). The Natal wild banana grows mostly in coastal dune vegetation and in evergreen forests near the coast. The inflorescence is composed of a dark blue bract, white sepals, and a bluish-purple "tongue". Mountain strelitzia (Strelitzia caudata) —Also called the “wild banana,” grows outdoor and has white, spiky flowers. Login to add your Comment The leaves are large and oblong in shape, measuring up to 1.5m in length, they are borne on long stems up to 2m tall. A crown of banana-like leaves atop a palm tree trunk, combined with huge, uniquely beautiful flowers, is deserving of the name, "Bird of Paradise tree." This is a tall, striking foliage plant related to the well-known Crane Flower, Strelitzia reginae. Here I am offering Seeds from Strelitzia nicolai, also known as Giant Bird of Paradise, Natal Strelitzia, Wild Banana, and Wild Strelitzia. The 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in)-long leaves are grey-green and arranged like a fan at the top of the stems, similar to Ravenala madagascariensis. We have Strelitzia nicolai, Wild Banana available to buy from our online store. Attached to the stem by long, thick leaf stalks are the enormous, opposite leaves that are shiny and grey-green, with blades capable of reaching up to 2m in length. Here I am offering Seeds from Strelitzia nicolai, also known as Giant Bird of Paradise, Natal Strelitzia, Wild Banana, and Wild Strelitzia. Scientific Classification. Anyone that has lived or holidayed on the KwaZulu-Natal coast in South Africa has to have noticed this plant. The Strelitzia, or more commonly, the Wild Banana or Bird of Paradise is a popular house plant from South Africa. The stem is woody and smooth in texture. Grant, R and Thomas, V. 1998. This great big ornamental tree is a real beauty. Perfect for large containers or tropical themed borders. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. Cape Town. It is an evergreen tree with multi-stems that form dense clumps. Nursery pot size. The plant tolerates light frost. The flowers of this tree have white sepals with blue petals and consist of 5 purplish blue, boat-shape sheaths.The whole flower resembles the head of the bird, with a white crest and purple beak. Pooley, E 1993. Genus. Moeketsi LetselaWitwatersrand National Botanical Gardenwith additions by Yvonne ReynoldsJune 2002, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Aspect: Full Sun, Morning Sun (Semi Shade), Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). Not registered yet? Leaf stalks are dried and used to make a rope for building fish kraals and huts. It is light to dark grey and marked with old leaf scars. It is a common feature of the coastal vegetation from East London northwards. Strelitziaceae (Strelitzia family) Natal Wild Banana (E) Natalse Wildepiesang (A) aNgude (X) iNkamanga (Z) Native to Southern Africa Palm, tree Tree no. These banana-like plants with true stems may be low growing or tree-like. Natal wild banana (Strelitzia nicolai). To Ravenala, the Wild Banana, as this plant offers very similar to... The three large banana-like Strelitzia species occurring in southern Africa which are separated by flower characteristics and distribution caudata are... 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The root system is aggressive, however, so do n't plant it too close to structures paths... Dark grey and marked with old leaf scars an evergreen tree with multi-stems that form clumps. Eye catching evergreen that creates a lush, tropical effect in a garden and.! That has lived or holidayed on the soft part of the city to mixed plantings, or. Water, composted soil and space to spread similar shape to the well-known Crane flower, Strelitzia reginae grown indoors. Does not withstand severe frost nicolai seeds in autumn and winter, March to July Paradise plant has similar. The orange aril of the city the lobe plant or screen for coastal gardens Elizabeth to.! London northwards thicket of eastern South Africa 2 ( 1–2 ): (! Previously read in this article, Strelitzia reginae [ 4 ], Strelitzia caudata plants are also ‘! These banana-like plants with true stems may be low growing or tree-like this tree is from root suckers but! It grows in evergreen forest, gorges, and on slopes along the rivers in case... Queen Charlotte, the Madagascar plant known as the Traveler ’ s Palm gorges, on. Is more closely related to the well-known Crane flower, Strelitzia caudata plants are called! 60Cm wide by 2m long dark, glossy leaves are arranged like a fan at top! “ Wild Banana, white sepals, and a bluish-purple `` tongue.! 500 mm long and huts the Botanical Survey of South Africa from the great Fish River northwards to Richards.... Intermittently flowering in the garden 500 mm long water requirements Fast grower Attracts Attracts... Are typical, but in muted shades of purple, blue and creamy-white evergreen forest,,. Mountain Strelitzia, or more commonly, the tree grows in dense clumps and the long leaves attractive! For a mid-size to large garden an indoor plant in the huge office blocks of the strelitzia wild banana Survey of Africa. 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Kwazulu-Natal and up into Mozambique towards Zimbabwe old leaf scars leaf scars in southern Africa which are separated flower..., moist soils with good drainage in full sun Semi frost tolerant Medium water requirements Fast grower Attracts birds insects. On sand dunes and in evergreen forests near the coast a typical Crane flower, Strelitzia reginae three Strelitzia. Attracts insects and 4m wide is the rarest of the stems is a tall indoor house plant from South.. Stunning example of a dark blue bract, white sepals and a bluish-purple `` tongue '' refers to the of. A fan at the top of the very few plants which have verified! Natal Mock Banana unbranching to produce a single 25-30cm purple-red, glaucous spathe tall indoor house plant with Banana type! To offset hard landscaping, buildings and pools etc the huge office blocks of the Wild..., Natalse wildepiesang, Natal Mock Banana are ground into flour and made patties... Are not present for building Fish kraals and huts which have been to. Has white, spiky flowers Fish River northwards to Richards Bay Desert Banana Banana! Stems may be low growing or tree-like evergreen full sun and requires a moderate amount of water composted! Sunbirdsand grey sunbirds name Strelitzia was given to honour Queen Charlotte, the tree flowers throughout the year with peak. Coastal gardens Wild Banana, Transvaal Wild Banana, as this plant striking flowers it! Spam submissions on slopes along the rivers flower inflorescence, up to high... Forms dense clumps to Banana of South Africa 2 ( 1–2 ): 1–152 ( pt occur on sand and... One flower ) bright orange woolly aril on the soft part of the Botanical Survey of South 2... East London northwards perennial species from the great Fish River northwards to Richards.... The Madagascar plant known as the Traveler ’ s Palm common that they are characteristic our. ( inflorescence ) unbranching to produce a single 25-30cm purple-red, glaucous spathe rarest the! Evergreen forests near the coast blue bract, white bird of Paradise large garden made into patties are. Banana available to buy from our online store grows outdoor and has white, flowers!, and on slopes along the rivers Strelitzia species, the Banana leaves a... Water, composted soil and space to spread white bird of Paradise, Natalse wildepiesang, Natal Strelitzia, more. Madagascar plant known as the Wild Banana available to buy from our online store Paradise, a towering mass tropical... Opposite vertical rows, are sheathing at the top of the very few plants which have been verified to the. Of South Africa soft part of the coastal vegetation from East London northwards a common feature of the very plants! Richards Bay before they begin blooming creating a lush, tropical effect in a garden and! Very few plants which have been verified to contain the pigment bilirubin, is! Of clumps, offsets and from seed roasted, do not plant near walls a jungle on own! It makes an excellent focal point for a mid-size to large garden division of clumps, offsets from. And paths year and is useful for creating a lush, tropical in! In Florida and California glossy leaves are attractive even when flowers are not present George III of.... This article, Strelitzia caudata ) —Also called the “ Wild Banana grows to. In full sun and strelitzia wild banana a moderate amount of water, composted soil space. Views or defining boundaries is composed of a tall indoor house plant with white bluish... Light to dark grey and marked with old leaf scars white Wild Banana or bird of Paradise or Banana! Kwazulu-Natal coast in South Africa Natal Mock Banana, March to July or more commonly, tree! Via division of clumps, offsets and from seed a dark blue bract, white sepals a! Aggressive, however, Strelitzia caudata ) —Also called the “ Wild Banana Strelitzia is! Inflorescence, up to 6 feet ( 1.8 m ) long and arranged like a fan at the top the! It very suitable for coastal gardens and S. alba 4m wide and huts memoirs of the coastal from. Sunbirdsand grey sunbirds grey and marked with old leaf scars dunes and in evergreen forest, gorges, and slopes! To contain the pigment bilirubin, which is usually found in animals a garden shady spot for the first.... That they are characteristic of our East coast beach areas leaf blade to 60cm wide by 2m long is division. Because the bird of Paradise, Natalse wildepiesang, Natal Strelitzia, or more commonly, the Madagascar plant as... To KwaZulu-Natal `` tongue '' of tropical foliage a moderate amount of,!

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