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Ibn Battuta Mall is located adjacent to Sheikh Zayed Road between interchanges 5 and 6. Using a map of Ibn Battuta's journey, create squares that follow Ibn Battuta… His journey continued across the Black Sea to the Crimean Peninsula, then to the northern Caucasus and to Saray on the lower Volga River, capital of the khan of the Golden Horde, Öz Beg (ruled 1312–41). Ibn Battuta in Egypt. It’s close to the Strait of Gibraltar — where Africa and Europe almost meet. He is believed to have worked as a judge in Morocco and died sometime around 1368, but little else is known about him. Ibn Battuta was simply a 'traveller' and was not out to discover new lands. Because of that discrepancy, his subsequent dating until 1348 is highly uncertain. Művei magyarul. The route was rugged and bandit infested, and the young traveler soon developed a fever so severe that he was forced to tie himself to his saddle to avoid collapsing. In 1325, at age 21, he left his homeland for the Middle East. Ibn Battuta, Moroccan explorer, in Egypt. Born in Tangier, Morocco, Ibn Battuta came of age in a family of Islamic judges. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ibn-Battuta, The Mariners' Museum and Park - The Ages of Exploration - Biography of Ibn Battuta, MuslimHeritage - Biography of Ibn Battutah, Indiana University - Biography of Ibn Battuta, Ibn Battutah - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Ibn Battutah - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He followed a winding route east, first cutting through Egypt and Syria before sailing for Turkey. Illustration by Leon Benett from book by Jules Verne, 1878. Thus, his narrative provides a valuable source for the history of that country between the end of the Seljuq power and the rise of the house of Ottoman. No, there is no direct bus from Ibn Battuta Mall to Al Ain Zoo. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. CONTACT US. From Saray he traveled with a caravan to Central Asia, visiting the ancient towns of Bukhara, Samarkand, and Balkh, all of those still showing the scars left by the Mongol invasion. His return journey took him to southern Arabia, Oman, Hormuz, southern Persia, and across the Persian Gulf back to Mecca in 1332. Updates? Your opinion is of great value to us, therefore if you have any comments, questions or suggestions, please contact us at: General Enquiries. That renown was to follow later, however. In Egypt, Battuta studied Islamic law and toured Alexandria and the metropolis of Cairo, which he called “peerless in beauty and splendor.” He then continued on to Mecca, where he took part in the hajj. When he finally returned home after 29 years, he recorded his escapades in a hulking travelogue known as the Rihla. Ibn Battuta was from a family that produced a number of Muslim judges (qadis). For 29 years he journeyed through much of the Dar al-Islam, or the World of Islam.On his travels he met nearly every Muslim leader who ruled at that time. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The Ibn Battuta Mall is a large shopping mall on the Sheikh Zayed Road in Dubai close to Interchange 6 for Jebel Ali Village. He remained in the idyllic islands for the next year, gorging on coconuts, taking several wives and once again serving as an Islamic judge. Among Turks and Mongols, he was astonished at the way women behaved. He was born in Tangiers, North Africa and spent thirty years travelling, covering all the Muslim countries and visiting Mecca, Jerusalem, Persia (Iran), Hormuz and Astrakhanm, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Bokhara, India, China, Sumatra, southern Spain and Timbuktu. Ibn Battuta traveled to the court in Delhi. Both of Battuta’s parents had died by then, so he only remained for a short while before making a jaunt to Spain. In 1325, at age 21, he left his homeland for the Middle East. Battuta began his journey riding solo on a donkey, but soon linked up with a pilgrim caravan as it snaked its way east across North Africa. Ibn Battuta trekked across many lands Board Game. Skildringane hans av reiser gjennom Afrika og Asia mellom 1325 og 1354, gjev eit godt bilde av den muslimske verda på denne tida. It appears that after a lifetime spent on the road, the great wanderer was finally content to stay in one place. (Credit: Lanmas/Alamy Stock Photo). Haji pertama. This time he navigated along the eastern African coast, visiting the trading city-states as far as Kilwa (Tanzania). Ibn Battuta was born in Tangier, Morocco into a family of Muslim legal scholars in 1304. Ibn Battuta is a traveller of historical importance whose memoirs went a long way in providing a clear account of the numerous countries that he visited during his eventful life. All Rights Reserved. Ibn Battuta set out for the city of Mecca and expected to be gone for a little over two years, maybe three if he took his time. He intended to complete his hajj—the Muslim pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca—but he also wished to study Islamic law along the way. Ibn Battuta was received cordially and generously by all the local rulers and heads of religious brotherhoods (ākhÄ«s). Ibn Battuta (IH•buhn ba•TOO•tah) was a famous Muslim traveler who visited many different places more than 500 years ago. In Egypt, where he arrived by the land route via Tunis and Tripoli, an irresistible passion for travel was born in his soul, and he decided to visit as many parts of the world as possible, setting as a rule “never to travel any road a second time.” His contemporaries traveled for practical reasons (such as trade, pilgrimage, and education), but Ibn Battuta did it for its own sake, for the joy of learning about new countries and new peoples. From there, he visited the Somali city of Mogadishu before dipping below the equator and exploring the coasts of Kenya and Tanzania. Muhámmad ibn Battuta empecipió'l so viaxe con mires de realizar el hajj o pelegrinación a La Meca que constitúi unu de los cinco pilastres del islam, y de visitar la tumba de Mahoma en Medina.Partió de Tánger, según la so crónica, el 2 de rayab del 725 de la Hégira, 13 de xunu de 1325, «solo, ensin compañeru con que la so amistá refalfiame nin caravana a la que xuntame». As he always did in Muslim-controlled lands, he relied on his status as an Islamic scholar to win hospitality from locals. Ibn Baá¹­á¹­Å«á¹­ah was born into a family of qadis, Muslim judges who enjoyed significant civil authority at the time. Then in 1325, he left Tangier to make a pilgrimage to Mecca (in Islam this pilgrimage is called the "hajj.") Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. He spent the next year dictating his story to a writer named Ibn Juzayy. Those studies qualified him for judicial office, whereas the claim of being a former pupil of the then-outstanding authorities in traditional Islamic sciences greatly enhanced his chances and made him thereafter a respected guest at many courts. Ibn Battuta …most famous travel books, the Riḥlah ( Travels ). Make a board game. For sheer distance covered, however, Polo trails far behind the Muslim scholar Ibn Battuta. That he achieved his objectives is corroborated by long enumerations of scholars and Sufi (Islamic mystic) saints whom he met and also by a list of diplomas conferred on him (mainly in Damascus). Though little known outside the Islamic world, Battuta spent half his life tramping across vast swaths of the Eastern Hemisphere. While Ibn Baá¹­á¹­Å«á¹­ah did not explore new lands or contribute much to our knowledge of geography, his Riḥlah has tremendous documentary value because of its detailed accounts of social, cultural, and political aspects of much of the Islamic world at the time. He studied Muslim law as a young man. Ibn Battuta was born in Tangier, part of modern-day Morocco, in 1304. Embarking on a boat in Jiddah, he sailed with a retinue of followers down both shores of the Red Sea to Yemen, crossed it by land, and set sail again from Aden. Battuta passed several years in the cushy job and even married and fathered children, but he eventually grew wary of the mercurial sultan, who was known to maim and kill his enemies—sometimes by tossing them to elephants with swords attached to their tusks. He took rather complicated routes through Khorāsān and Afghanistan, and, after crossing the Hindu Kush mountain range, he arrived at the frontiers of India on the Indus River on September 12, 1333, by his own dating. The trip to the Orient would prove to be the most harrowing chapter of Battuta’s odyssey. AbÅ« ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad Ibn ‘Abd Allāh al-LawātÄ« al-TanjÄ« Ibn Baá¹­á¹­Å«á¹­a, cunoscut sub numele de Ibn Battuta, (n.25 februarie 1304 - 1369) a fost un cunoscut explorator arab și un negustor itinerant care a călătorit în toate țările lumii islamice - de la Bolgar pânǎ la Mombasa, din Timbuktu pânǎ în China. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. A chance to escape finally presented itself in 1341, when the sultan selected Battuta as his envoy to the Mongol court of China. Battuta might have stayed in the Maldives even longer, but following a falling out with its rulers, he resumed his journey to China. Ibn Battuta and his men drove them off, killing 13 He managed to make it to the port of Calicut, but on the eve of an ocean voyage, his ships blew out to sea in a storm and sank, killing many in his party. 1377) var ein marokkansk reisande, rettslærd og forfattar. He received the traditional juristic and literary education in his native town of Tangier. Ibn Battuta: The Black Death in Florence: Understanding the Black Death: Inca Empire: Martin Luther: Moctezuma and Cortés: La Malinche: Moctezuma's Zoo: Atahualpa and the Bible: Galileo Unit 3: Modern The Middle Passage: Reign of Terror: Portola Expedition: Factory Life: The Sepoy Rebellion: Battle of Adwa: Battle of the Somme: Armistice His travels were independent of his occupation, however, and depended on the support of benefactors. The local customs of recently converted people did not fit his orthodox Muslim background. Having more than 270 shops, 50 restaurants, a 21-screen cinema and over 4,500 parking spaces on a total of 521,000 m 2 (5,610,000 sq ft), Ibn Battuta is the world's largest themed shopping mall. He also relied on original sources, relating historical events told to him in the courts of the world, such as the capture of Delhi and the devastations of Genghis Khan. There he met the last of the Mongol khans of Iran, AbÅ« SaÊ¿Ä«d (ruled 1316–36), and some lesser rulers. Battuta had never kept journals during his adventures, but when he returned to Morocco for good in 1354, the country’s sultan ordered him to compile a travelogue. Fordítás. His full name, as given in the Rihla, was Shams al-Din Abu’Abdallah Muhammad ibn’Abdallah ibn Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Lawati al-Tanji ibn Battuta and all that is known of his family comes from the Rihla which records references to his education and provides his lineage.He seems to have gone by the na… China marked the beginning of the end of Battuta’s travels. After his return from Constantinople through the Russian steppes, he continued his journey in the general direction of India. He was loath to return to Delhi and face the sultan, however, so he elected to make a sea voyage south to the Indian Ocean archipelago of the Maldives. Create a social media stream, with one person playing Ibn Battuta and others playing other people who show up in his account. The result was an oral history called A Gift to Those Who Contemplate the Wonders of Cities and the Marvels of Traveling, better known as the Rihla (or “travels”). Ibn Battuta was born in the medina (non-European quarter) of Tangier, Morocco, 25 February 1304 CE. Introducing Zomato Gold. (Credit: Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images). He was welcomed at Uzbeg’s court, and later accompanied one of the Khan’s wives to Constantinople. Battuta described Mongol China as “the safest and best country for the traveler” and praised its natural beauty, but he also branded its inhabitants “pagans” and “infidels.” Distressed by the unfamiliar customs on display, the pious traveler stuck close to the country’s Muslim communities and offered only vague accounts of metropolises such as Hangzhou, which he called “the biggest city I have seen on the face of the earth.” Historians still debate just how far he went, but he claimed to have roamed as far north as Beijing and crossed through the famous Grand Canal. Moving by sea, by camel caravan and on foot, he ventured into over 40 modern day nations, often putting himself in extreme danger just to satisfy his wanderlust. Ibn Battuta Mall is the biggest themed shopping mall in Dubai with more than 400 outlets. Ibn Baá¹­á¹­Å«á¹­ah was trained as a qadi, a Muslim judge who ruled on matters both religious and civil. Forced by lack of communications to choose a more indirect route, Ibn Battuta turned northward, again passed Egypt and Syria, and boarded ship for Asia Minor (Anatolia) in Latakia. Though not particularly popular in its day, the book now stands as one of the most vivid and wide-ranging accounts of the 14th century Islamic world. Ibn Battuta (/ ˌ ɪ b ən b æ t ˈ t uː t ɑː /; 24 February 1304 – 1368/1369) was a Muslim Berber-Moroccan scholar and explorer who widely travelled the Old World, travelling more than any other explorer in history, totaling around 117,000 km (72,000 miles), surpassing Zheng He with about 50,000 km (30,000 miles) and Marco Polo with 24,000 km (15,000 miles). Although he shared the strong opinions of his fellow Muslims toward unbelievers, his account of the “second Rome” shows him as a rather tolerant man with a lively curiosity. Download our App. To this day his books are studied by students of history since very few travellers have been able … Ibn Battuta asked for a job from the Muslim king of India, Muhammad Tughluq. On the other hand, the narrative of his visit to Constantinople (now Istanbul) in the retinue of the khan’s wife, a Byzantine princess, seems to be an eyewitness record, although there are some minor chronological discrepancies. Born in Tangier, Morocco, Ibn Battuta came of age in a family of Islamic judges. Author of "The Chronology of Ibn Battute's Travels" in. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Ibn Baá¹­á¹­Å«á¹­ah was a medieval Muslim traveler who wrote one of the world’s most famous travel logs, the Riḥlah. Ibn Battuta’s description of the Byzantine capital is vivid and, in general, accurate. Nevertheless, he always felt happier in the realm of Islam than in non-Muslim lands, whether Christian, Hindu, or pagan. Battuta’s next few years were a whirlwind of travel. Hindu rebels harassed his group during their journey to the Indian coast, and Battuta was later kidnapped and robbed of everything but his pants. La Rihla. Discover the Ibn Battuta journey on different lands in the globe Which sections you would like to print: Corrections trained as a qadi in places... West of the regions he visited coast of the game is to his. Av den muslimske verda på denne tida & E Television Networks, LLC one of the Byzantine city for month... Judges who enjoyed significant civil authority at the age of 21, started!, four years after first leaving India, he trekked across Yemen and made a Sea voyage to the city! Complete his hajj—the Muslim pilgrimage to the Mongol court of China month i change 3 already. He always did in Muslim-controlled lands, whether Christian, Hindu, or pagan promoting. 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