Also, selling synthetic gems without clearly disclosing their man-made origin to customers is a violation of the Guides for the Jewelry, Precious Metals and Peweter Industries, published by the Federal Trade Commission. Much of the world's peridot is found in basalt flows. Below we have rated the birthstones according to their suitability for use in various types of jewelry, giving them ratings from "poor" to "excellent". Image copyright iStockphoto / mikheewnik. Many couples are looking for color, or are looking for a stone other than diamond. If you have tanzanite jewelry, look at the stone face up and then from the side - you might be able to notice a slight color difference. The gem shown here is a beautiful reddish purple amethyst from the Four Peaks Mine in Maricopa County, Arizona. Shoppers can expect to find it in almost every jewelry store. Although many people think of a red gem when they think of garnet, it is actually available in almost every color - green (tsavorite and demantoid), orange (spessartine and hessionite), purple (rhodolite), yellow (mali and topazolite), pink (malaya), red (almandine and pyrope), black (melanite). Rare moonstones produce a blue or a multicolored glow. At that time topaz was a relatively costly gem, but the discovery of large deposits in Brazil have greatly reduced the price of topaz. Creative Commons photo of a gem from Barnes Jewelry, Helena, Montana, by Montanabw. There are even opaque garnets that are usually cut as a cabochon (pink hydrogrossular and green grossularite). Pearl is an organic gem and the traditional birthstone for the month of June. Gems vary in hardness and durability. June: Pearl, Alexandrite, Moonstone. RUBY JULY'S BIRTHSTONE The vibrant red ruby gemstone is the birthstone for those born in July! Except for the orange hessonite from Sri Lanka, all of these garnets were mined in Africa, the relatively new source of spectacular garnets. Citrine is the world's best-selling gem with a yellow to orange color. The gem was first discovered in the 1960s in the country of Tanzania, and that is the origin of the gem's name. Zircon gives the shopper an opportunity to select from a variety of colors. Others are happy with the great appearance and lower price of lab-created gems. These sets are popular birthday and graduation gifts. Two are pink and green bicolor stones known as "watermelon tourmaline." Spinel was a late addition to the modern birthstone lists in 2016. It was added to most birthstone lists in 1952. Even the Black Ruby, one of the famed crown jewels of England, was considered one of the largest cut rubies until determined to be spinel. Moonstone also occurs in pink, orange, near-colorless and other colors. Placed in a mounting that provides proper protection, these birthstones should be able to withstand decades of wear. As an example, emerald is the birthstone for the month of May. Bicolor and pleochroic tourmalines are favorite stones of many jewelry designers because they can be used to make especially interesting pieces of jewelry. Tourmaline is not an original birthstone for October. Topaz is also coated to produce a range of iridescent colors and stones that appear to change color depending upon the angle at which they are viewed. Diamond is the birthstone of April. This unique … Ruby is an excellent choice for an engagement ring. The January birthstone, garnet, is thought to keep the wearer safe during travel. July: Ruby. Moonstone is a feldspar mineral that produces a "pearly" luster when light enters the stone and is reflected by mineral layers within the gem. These take advantage of the layered, multicolored nature of the material. Your birthstone is garnet. Zircon is another gem that serves as a birthstone for the month of December. These man-made alternative gems, along with sterling silver or low-carat gold mountings, provided three benefits: they (1) significantly reduced the cost of the item; (2) improved the size, color, and clarity of the stones that the buyer was able to afford; and, (3) allowed a better profit margin for sellers. Photo by David Weinberg for Alexandrite.net and published here under a GNU Free Document License. The shopper quickly finds an amethyst jewelry set consisting of a ring, a pendant necklace, and a pair of earrings. Emerald is the May birthstone – and it’s a perfect choice. Zircon replaced lapis lazuli as a modern birthstone in 1952. Sapphire is the birthstone for September. Amethyst, the February birthstone, is the purple variety of quartz and is said to cure drunkenness and make you quick-witted in business. December: Turquoise, Zircon, Tanzanite. November: Topaz, Citrine. Learn More: See all birthstones by month! February: Amethyst. Emerald can be a costly gem, and it often lacks the high level of clarity that many people desire. Today, if you go to a mall jewelry store such as Zales or Kay Jewelers, you will encounter a case with a large assortment of ruby jewelry items for sale. Peridot, spinel and sardonyx are the three birthstones for August and they come in a variety of shapes and colors. Those born in the month of April are lucky enough to call the diamond, a scintillating stone, their birthstone. Pearl, alexandrite and moonstone are the three birthstones for June. . The deep blue color is most associated with this stone and was one of the most popular among Christians in earlier biblical times. Moonstone is most often a white or gray color with a glow that is white or silvery - like the glow of the moon (that's how it got its name!). Good choice, isn’t it?  The Curious Lore of Precious Stones: Being a Description of their Sentiments and Folk Lore, Superstitions, Symbology, Mysticism, Use in Medicine, Protection, Prevention, Religion, and Divination, Crystal Gazing, Birth Stones, Lucky Stones and Talismans, Astral, Zodiacal and Planetary; by George Frederick Kunz, published by J.B. Lippincott Company, 406 pages, 1913. January: lab-created corundum substituting for garnet. This grade of tanzanite is often seen in mall and chain store jewelry. Here is how that might happen... A shopper is looking for a gift for a niece and is having difficulty finding "the perfect item". When it is pink, orange, green, purple, yellow, or any of these other colors, the name "fancy sapphire" is used. Both of these gemstones are known for their endless color combinations and are believed to have been created from rainbows. Decades ago, many jewelry manufacturers began using lab-grown and imitation gems in some commercial birthstone jewelry. July: Ruby. The choice is ultimately yours! Natural blue topaz exists but it is very rare and very expensive. Imitation Birthstones: Synthetic and imitation gems are often used in birthstone jewelery. Birthstones are gemstones that represent the month of a person's birth. Perhaps the makers of these lists wanted to give people born in August a wider variety of color choices. Wearing and gifting birthstone jewelry is a long-standing custom in many countries. February Birthstone - Amethyst. Garnet, January’s birthstone, is one of the most diverse gemstones, as it comes in an extraordinary range of colors. Diamond, ruby, sapphire, and topaz are the only widely-used gem materials with a higher hardness. It reduced confusion between organizations and individuals who had different ideas of which birthstones should be used to represent different months. Called the "Rajnapura" or King of Gems by ancient Hindus, July's birthstone is among the most highly prized of gems throughout history. October: Opal, Tourmaline. Birthstone Overview. Next to the diamond, it is the second hardest material on Earth. The ratings below apply only to natural gems. If you can't afford a natural diamond in other colors, lab-grown diamonds can be purchased in almost any color at a savings below the cost of a white diamond of similar color and clarity. Some modifications of the original list that are in general agreement include: (A) tourmaline was added as an August birthstone to give people color choices beyond yellowish-green peridot, (B) spinel joined opal as an October birthstone for greater durability and the option of a faceted stone, (C) the lapis lazuli of December was replaced by zircon and later tanzanite - after its 1967 discovery. Mother's Birthstone Ring: A Mother's Ring displaying a lab-grown birthstone for each of her children. Motherâs rings are sometimes purchased by a mother but they are often a gift to the mother from her husband or from her children. 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